|1. Identify goal and scope||
- Goal: to develop a framework for documenting modifications to implementation strategies that includes the rationale for those modifications as well as the personnel involved in the modification decision.|
- Scope: implementation strategies meant to enhance the uptake of evidence-based practices in healthcare and educational settings.
|2. Identify changes needed from previous framework||The first author (CJM) reviewed the FRAME and identified areas where language would need to be changed to refer to modifications to implementation strategies rather than modifications to evidence-based practices.|
|3. Develop draft of new framework||The first author (CJM) developed the initial version of FRAME-IS; this version was reviewed and edited by all co-authors.|
|4. Pilot new framework||Study authors piloted the initial version of FRAME-IS in their own ongoing implementation studies and made additional edits.|
|5. Solicit and Integrate stakeholder feedback||
- Presented draft FRAME-IS to several groups of stakeholders, including international groups of implementation scientists and practitioners. Sought broad feedback on content, format, and structure of the draft FRAME-IS.|
- Conduced one-on-one “think-alouds” with implementation experts (n = 6) to provide further refinement; integrated various sources of feedback to develop final FRAME-IS.
|6. Apply new framework to additional project(s)||Applied the final FRAME-IS to an ongoing study by one study author (MB; see text and Table 2 for details).|