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Table 2 Descriptive characteristics for articles included for BCT coding

From: Changing behaviour, ‘more or less’: do implementation and de-implementation interventions include different behaviour change techniques?

Characteristics Implementation interventions (n = 84) De-implementation interventions (n = 101)
Systematic review
 Audit and feedback 60 26
 Antibiotic prescribing 10 63
 Image ordering 14 12
Target professionals
 Single physician group 56 55
 Mixed professional group 30 22
 Hospital population 8 24
Health professionals sample size
 <100 22 10
 101-200 16 12
 >200 14 9
 Not reported/unclear 32 70
Study design
 Randomised controlled trial 16 16
 Cluster randomised controlled trial 59 31
 Interrupted time series 5 52
 Controlled before-and-after 2 1
 Cluster controlled trial 1 1
Control group
 Studies with BCTs 20 8