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Table 2 Facility, care unit, goal-setting workshop participant, and care aide characteristics at baseline by study arm

From: Comparing effects of two higher intensity feedback interventions with simple feedback on improving staff communication in nursing homes—the INFORM cluster-randomized controlled trial

  Simple feedback (control) Basic assisted feedback Enhanced assisted feedback
Facility sample
Number of facilities 20 19 14
Region
  Calgary 5 (25.0%) 4 (21.1%) 3 (21.4%)
  Edmonton 4 (20.0%) 5 (26.3%) 3 (21.4%)
  Fraser 7 (35.0%) 6 (31.6%) 6 (42.9%)
  Interior 4 (20.0%) 4 (21.1%) 2 (14.3%)
Size
  Small 6 (30.0%) 6 (31.6%) 3 (21.4%)
  Medium 5 (25.0%) 7 (36.8%) 5 (35.7%)
  Large 9 (45.0%) 6 (31.6%) 6 (42.9%)
Ownership
  Public 5 (25.0%) 5 (26.3%) 3 (21.4%)
  Voluntary 9 (45.0%) 8 (42.1%) 8 (57.1%)
  Private 6 (30.0%) 6 (31.6%) 3 (21.4%)
Number of care units, M ± SD 2.9 ± 1.7 3.2 ± 2.3 3.2 ± 2.0
Care unit sample
Number of care units 57 61 45
Unit type
  General long-term care   2 (3.3%)  
  Regular dementia 10 (17.5%) 11 (18.0%) 10 (22.2%)
  Secure dementia 42 (73.7%) 38 (62.3%) 28 (62.2%)
  Regular mental health/psychiatric 4 (7.0%) 7 (11.5%) 7 (15.6%)
  Other 1 (1.8%) 3 (4.9%)  
Unit staffing, M ± SD hours per resident day
  Care aides 2.0 ± 0.7 2.3 ± 0.7 2.3 ± 0.6
  Licensed practical nurses 0.8 ± 0.6 0.5 ± 0.4 0.5 ± 0.2
  Registered nurses 0.6 ± 0.6 0.4 ± 0.2 0.3 ± 0.3
  Total staffing 3.3 ± 1.6 3.2 ± 1.0 3.1 ± 0.8
Goal-setting workshop participant sample
Number of participants   60 37
Region
  Calgary   15 (25.0%) 4 (4.1%)
  Edmonton   25 (41.7%) 7 (7.2%)
  Fraser   12 (20.0%) 21 (21.7%)
  Interior   8 (13.3%) 5 (5.2%)
Participant role
  Manager   37 (62.7%) 22 (59.5%)
  Regulated care staff   13 (22.0%) 8 (21.6%)
  Care aide   1 (1.7%) 3 (8.1%)
  Other   9 (13.6%) 4 (10.8%)
Years worked in facility, M ± SD   7.8 ± 7.4 8.0 ± 8.1
Care aide sample
Number of care aides 751 836 615
Females 683 (90.9%) 764 (91.4%) 553 (89.9%)
Age category
  < 25 years 20 (2.7%) 13 (1.6%) 35 (5.7%)
  25–34 years 146 (19.4%) 118 (14.1%) 107 (17.4%)
  35–44 years 216 (28.8%) 259 (31.0%) 178 (28.9%)
  45–54 years 203 (27.0%) 262 (31.2%) 182 (29.6%)
  > 54 years 166 (22.1%) 184 (22.0%) 113 (18.4%)
English as second language 453 (60.3%) 580 (69.5%) 363 (59.0%)
Number of care homes working in
  1 551 (73.7%) 554 (66.4%) 474 (77.1%)
  2 172 (23.0%) 256 (30.7%) 124 (20.2%)
  3 19 (2.5%) 22 (2.6%) 13 (2.1%)
  4 5 (0.7%) 2 (0.2%) 4 (0.7%)
  5 1 (0.1%)   
Shift worked most often
  Day 351 (46.7%) 449 (53.8%) 286 (46.6%)
  Evening 314 (41.8%) 298 (35.7%) 262 (42.7%)
  Night 86 (11.5%) 88 (10.5%) 66 (10.7%)
High school degree 712 (94.8%) 780 (93.5%) 574 (93.3%)
Care aide certificate 696 (92.7%) 761 (91.1%) 566 (92.0%)
Years worked on unit, M ± SD 5.4 ± 5.7 6.6 ± 6.5 5.0 ± 4.9
Years worked as care aide, M ± SD 10.6 ± 8.9 11.5 ± 8.8 10.3 ± 8.7
Hours worked in last 2 weeks, M ± SD 71.1 ± 20.5 71.6 ± 22.4 68.3 ± 19.8