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Table 4 Theoretical congruence between BCTs and TDF domains

From: Reducing catheter-associated urinary tract infections: a systematic review of barriers and facilitators and strategic behavioural analysis of interventions

BCTFrequency (N interventions, Max 11)Linked TDF domains according to integrated linking matrixaTDF domain importance rankingbTheoretical congruence between BCT and domainc
Feedback (on outcome of behaviour)3Knowledge2High
Beliefs about consequences3
Beliefs about capabilities8
Goals9–10
Feedback (on behaviour)3Knowledge2High
Beliefs about consequences3
Beliefs about capabilities8
Goals9–10
Self-monitoring (behaviour)5Memory, attention, decision processes5High
Behavioural regulation7
Skills9
Beliefs about consequences3
Beliefs about capabilities8
Self-monitoring (outcomes behaviour)3Memory, attention, decision processes5High
Behavioural regulation7
Skills9
Beliefs about consequences3
Beliefs about capabilities8
Social support (practical)4Social influences4High
Beliefs about capabilities8
Social professional role and identity6
Intentions11–14
Goals9–10
Information about health consequences9Knowledge2High
Beliefs about consequences3
Information about social environmental consequences4Knowledge2High
Beliefs about consequences3
Prompts/cues1Memory, attention, decision processes5High
Environmental context and resources1
Behavioural regulation7
Restructuring the social environment1Social influences6High
Environmental context and resources1
Action planning1Goals9–10Med
Intentions11–14
Memory, attention, decision processes5
Behavioural regulation7
Information about emotional consequences1Knowledge2Med
Emotions11–14
Social comparison1Social influences4Med
Demonstration of the behaviour2Social influences4Med
Skills9
Credible source3Beliefs about consequences3Med
Goals9–10
Intentions11–14
Identification of self as a role model1Social influences4Med
Goal-setting (behaviour)4Behavioural regulation7Low
Skills9
Beliefs about capabilities8
Goals9–10
Intentions11–14
Goal-setting (outcome)1Behavioural regulation7Low
Skills 
Beliefs about capabilities8
Goals9–10
Intentions11–14
Review behaviour goal(s)1Goals9–10Low
Intentions11–14
Discrepancy between current behaviour and goal(s)2Nonen/aLow
Monitoring of outcome of behaviour by others without feedback1Skills9Low
Monitoring of the behaviour by others without feedback3Skills9Low
Instruction on how to perform the behaviour10NoneN/ALow
Reward (outcome)1Skills9Low
Reinforcement11–14
Goals9–10
Intentions11–14
Behavioural practice/rehearsal2Skills9Low
Beliefs about capabilities8
  1. aMerged matrix combing Cane et al. [19] and Michie et al. [6] TDF x BCT linking matrices
  2. bDomain ranking based on thematic analysis of barrier/facilitator literature (see Table 2)
  3. cClassification of theoretical congruence: Low: BCT is not paired with any of the 6 key domains identified as important in the thematic analysis; Medium: BCT is paired with at least one domain identified as important; High: BCT is paired with two or more domains identified as important