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Table 2 Study characteristics (N = 61)

From: Implementation strategies for infection prevention and control promotion for nurses in Sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review

Characteristic Number of studies (n) Percentage of studies (%)
Sub-Saharan country
 South Africa 18 29.5
 Nigeria 5 8.2
 Kenya 4 6.6
 Zambia 4 6.6
 Rwanda 4 6.6
 Uganda 4 6.6
 Ethiopia 3 4.9
 Cameroon 3 4.9
 Tanzania 2 3.3
 Malawi 2 3.3
 Sierra Leone 2 3.3
 Liberia 2 3.3
 Mali 1 1.6
 Sudan 1 1.6
 Eritrea 1 1.6
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 1 1.6
 Guinea 1 1.6
 Swaziland 1 1.6
 Zimbabwe 1 1.6
 Botswana 1 1.6
Publication date
 1998–2003 3 4.9
 2004–2009 17 27.9
 2010–2015 21 34.4
 2015+ 20 32.8
Study design
 RCT 7 11.5
 Quasi-experimental 22 36.1
 Cohort 13 21.3
 Cross-sectional 12 19.7
 Mixed methods 3 4.9
 Qualitative 3 4.9
 Multi-modal 1 1.6
Healthcare Workers
 Healthcare workers (physicians, nurses, laboratory techs, etc.) 47 77.0
 Nurses only 14 22.9
Diseases/infections
 HIV 24 39.3
 TB 6 9.8
 Ebola 6 9.8
 Multiple diseases 3 4.9
 Malaria 2 3.3
 CLABSI 1 1.6
 VAP 1 1.6
 SSI 1 1.6
 Bloodborne (non- CLABSI) 1 1.6
 STIs (non-HIV) 1 1.6
 None (hand hygiene, disinfection focused) 14 23.0
Evidence-based practices
 Standard Precautions 21 34.4
  Multiple SP 11 18.0
  Hand hygiene 8 13.1
  Disinfection 1 1.6
  Waste management 1 1.6
 Transmission-based precautions 4 6.6
  PPE 1 1.6
  Isolation/quarantine 1 1.6
  Immunization 1 1.6
  Post-exposure prophylaxis 1 1.6
 Administrative precautions 36 59.0
  Treatment 21 34.4
  Screening/surveillance 11 18.0
  Diagnosis 4 6.6
 Quality assessment score
  MAStARI 4 1 1.6
  MAStARI 5 19 31.1
  MAStARI 6 10 16.4
  MAStARI 7 16 26.2
  MAStARI 8 5 8.2
  MAStARI 9 3 4.9
  MAStARI 10 1 1.6
  MAStARI 11 2 3.3
  QARI 5 1 1.6
  QARI 6 0 0.0
  QARI 7 1 1.6
  QARI 8 2 3.3
  MMAT 0% 0 0.0
  MMAT 50% 2 3.3
  MMAT 75% 1 1.6
  MMAT 100% 0 0.0