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Table 1 Descriptive statistics for dependent and independent variables

From: A repeated cross-sectional study of clinicians’ use of psychotherapy techniques during 5 years of a system-wide effort to implement evidence-based practices in Philadelphia

  Wave 1 (n = 112) Wave 2 (n = 164) Wave 3 (n = 151)
Mean (or %) SD Mean (or %) SD Mean (or %) SD
Dependent variables
 Clinician level
  Use of CBT techniques (1–5) 3.25 .70 3.33 .67 3.40 .61
  Use of psychodynamic techniques (1–5) 3.41 .66 3.38 .67 3.49 .65
Independent variables
 Clinician level
  Cumulative # of EBP initiatives clinician participated in (0–5) .63 .86 .74 .99 1.12 1.27
  Years of clinical experience 8.80 7.43 8.99 7.43 7.89 7.04
  Clinician age in years 38.41 11.91 38.54 12.04 37.18 11.06
  Clinician attitudes toward EBP (0–4) 2.93 .51 2.94 .48 2.90 .49
  Client age in years 10.70 3.68 10.70 3.48 11.05 3.26
  Participated in EBP initiative prior to study entry? (yes/no) 42%   38%   50%  
  Education level
   Bachelor’s degree 5%   7%   7%  
   Master’s degree 86%   83%   83%  
   Doctoral degree 10%   10%   11%  
  Female gender 75%   77%   83%  
Organization level (N = 20)
 Organization size (# child clients served per year)a 678 490     
 Proficient culture (T-score, μ = 50, σ = 10) 48.63 13.08     
 Implementation climate—recognition (0–4) 1.91 .84     
 Implementation climate—reward (0–4) .54 .51     
 Implementation leadership—proactive (0–4) 2.33 .74     
 Implementation leadership—knowledgeable (0–4) 2.84 .65     
 Implementation leadership—supportive (0–4) 3.04 .73     
 Implementation leadership—perseverant (0–4) 2.81 .75     
  1. aVariable was divided by 100 for analysis