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Table 2 Types of economic analysis included in the review

From: Use of health economic evaluation in the implementation and improvement science fields—a systematic literature review

Cost-consequences analysis (CCA): compares costs and multiple measures of patient outcome of alternatives under evaluation.
Cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA): compares costs and outcomes of alternatives using a single primary measure of patient outcome (e.g. life-years gained; cases of disease avoided; improvements in clinical functioning; improvements in quality of care experience).
Cost-utility analysis (CUA): compares costs and outcomes of alternatives with outcomes measured as quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) gained.
Cost-benefit analysis (CBA): compares costs and outcomes of alternatives, with patient outcomes valued monetarily.
Cost-analysis (CA): costs implications only of relevant alternatives evaluated with no consideration of impact on quality of care and patient outcomes (not strictly a full economic evaluation).