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Table 3 Agencies’ mean scores and standard deviations for each research engagement and research use action

From: How was research engaged with and used in the development of 131 policy documents? Findings and measurement implications from a mixed methods study

  Searching for research
M (SD)
Research obtained
M (SD)
Relevance appraisal
M (SD)
Quality appraisal
M (SD)
Generate new research
M (SD)
Interact with researcher
M (SD)
Conceptual research use
M (SD)
Instrumental research use
M (SD)
Tactical research use
M (SD)
Imposed research use
M (SD)
Agency 1 4.18 (2.08) 4.68 (1.89) 3.55 (1.73) 2.73 (2.15) 6.34 (2.88) 5.70 (3.79) 5.85 (2.23) 5.65 (2.64) 7.22 (2.98) 4.28 (3.55)
Agency 2 4.79 (1.97) 4.52 (2.01) 3.88 (1.82) 2.72 (1.88) 3.39 (3.30) 5.17 (3.59) 5.35 (2.63) 5.06 (2.97) 7.38 (3.13) 3.17 (2.50)
Agency 3 5.01 (1.91) 5.40 (2.23) 4.03 (2.12) 3.74 (2.08) 5.71 (3.34) 5.15 (4.34) 5.65 (2.16) 6.53 (2.46) 6.83 (3.33) 5.08 (3.20)
Agency 4 5.30 (2.02) 5.13 (1.76) 3.51 (2.02) 2.85 (2.07) 5.60 (2.84) 5.94 (4.16) 5.48 (2.08) 5.71 (2.20) 6.90 (2.49) 3.55 (2.78)
Agency 5 5.35 (1.62) 4.89 (1.86) 4.08 (2.02) 4.64 (1.83) 4.70 (3.31) 5.64 (3.72) 6.26 (1.96) 7.19 (2.03) 7.08 (2.32) 5.15 (3.00)
Agency 6 3.67 (2.02) 3.67 (2.04) 3.34 (1.91) 1.82 (1.44) 4.63 (3.61) 2.22 (3.32) 4.77 (2.89) 4.39 (2.10 5.81 (4.14) 2.06 (2.95)
Total 4.76 (1.99)* 4.76 (2.00) 3.75 (1.92) 3.15 (2.10)* 5.09 (3.28)* 5.10 (3.95)* 5.60 (2.31) 5.83 (2.54)* 6.91 (3.03) 3.97 (3.15)*
  1. indicates a statistically significant difference between agencies on the relevant aspect of research engagement or use