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Table 7 Thirty pre-existing behaviour change theories that contribute to Clinical Performance Feedback Intervention Theory

From: Clinical Performance Feedback Intervention Theory (CP-FIT): a new theory for designing, implementing, and evaluating feedback in health care based on a systematic review and meta-synthesis of qualitative research

Theory Contributes to the following constructs … *
Context and implementation theories
 Diffusion of innovations [108] Variables: Observability
Mechanisms: Compatibility, Complexity, Relative advantage
 Diffusion of innovations in health service delivery and organisation [65] Variables: Champion, Extra-organisational networks, Intra-organisational networks, Leadership support, Resource, Workflow fit, Relevance, Function, Adaptability, Observability, External change agent, Peer discussion
Mechanisms: Compatibility, Complexity, Relative advantage, Resource match
 Consolidated framework for implementation research [99] Variables: Champion Competing priorities, Extra-organisational networks, Intra-organisational networks Leadership support, Resource, Cost, Workflow fit, Relevance, Function, Adaptability, Observability, External change agent, Peer discussion
Mechanisms: Complexity, Relative advantage, Resource match, Compatibility
 Multilevel approach to change [96] Feedback cycle processes: Behaviour
Variables: Patient-level vs organisation-level
Feedback theories
 Individual Feedback Theory [48] Feedback cycle processes: Feedback, Perception, Acceptance, Intention, Behaviour, Clinical performance improvement
Variables: Controllability, Accuracy, Patient lists, Performance level, Specificity, Timeliness, Function
Mechanisms: Credibility
 Feedback Intervention Theory [16] Feedback cycle processes: Goal setting, Feedback, Acceptance, Behaviour
Variables: Benchmarking, Performance level, Specificity, Trend, Active delivery, Problem solving, Action planning
 Control theory [14] Feedback cycle processes: Feedback, Perception, Acceptance, Behaviour, Clinical performance improvement
Variables: Performance level
General behaviour change theories
 COM-B System [61] Variables: Feedback attitude, Knowledge and skills in clinical topic, Knowledge and skills in quality improvement, Importance, Performance level, Function, Ownership
 Motivation-Opportunities-Abilities Model [93] Variables: Feedback attitude, Knowledge and skills in clinical topic, Knowledge and skills in quality improvement, Importance, Performance level, Function, Ownership
 Theory of Planned Behaviour [150] Feedback cycle processes: Intention, Behaviour
Variables: Feedback attitude, Importance, Controllability
Goal setting and action planning theories
 Goal setting theory [15] Feedback cycle processes: Goal setting, Feedback, Behaviour
Variables: Importance, Controllability, Performance level
Guideline adherence theories
 Cabana guideline model [103] Variables: Choice alignment, Clinical appropriateness
 Guidelines interdependence model [104] Variables: Choice alignment, Clinical appropriateness
Motivation theories
 Self-determination theory [60] Variables: Intra-organisational networks, Teamwork, Importance, Delivery to a group, Function, Ownership, Peer discussion
Psychological theories
 Cognitive dissonance [56] Variables: Performance level, Exclusions
 Cognitive Load Theory [83] Variables: Prioritisation, Usability
 Self-Affirmation Theory [57] Variables: Performance level
 Persuasion theory [78] Variables: Champion, Intra-organisational networks, Leadership support, Teamwork, Benchmarking, Delivery to a group, Source knowledge and skill, Peer discussion
Mechanisms: Social influence
 Cognitive fit theory [76] Variables: Trend
 Locus of Control [63] Variables: Controllability
 Self-Efficacy Theory [109] Variables: Controllability, Observability
 Obedience to authority [151] Variables: Leadership support, Source knowledge and skill
Sociological theories
 Social comparison theory [77] Variables: Benchmarking
Mechanisms: Social influence
 Reference group theory [79] Variables: Intra-organisational networks, Teamwork, Benchmarking, Delivery to a group, Peer discussion
Mechanisms: Social influence
 Normative Social Influence [100] Variables: Champion, Intra-organisational networks, Teamwork, Delivery to a group, Peer discussion
Mechanisms: Social influence
 Social Learning Theory [106] Variables: Extra-organisational networks, Training and support, External change agent, Peer discussion
Mechanisms: Social influence
 Social Norms Theory [152] Variables: Benchmarking
Mechanisms: Social influence
Technology theories
 Value chain of information [49] Feedback cycle processes: Interaction
 Fit between Individuals, Task, and Technology framework [80] Variables: Workflow fit, Usability, Cost, Training and support
Mechanisms: Compatibility, Complexity
 Task-Technology-Fit Model [119] Variables: Workflow fit, Training and support
Mechanisms: Compatibility, Complexity
 Technology Acceptance Model [66] Variables: Feedback attitude, Relevance, Usability
Mechanisms: Relative advantage
 Model of Information Systems Success [81] Variables: Usability
Mechanisms: Relative advantage
  1. *See Additional file 5 for more information