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Table 4 Frequency of main paper characteristics

From: Clinical Performance Feedback Intervention Theory (CP-FIT): a new theory for designing, implementing, and evaluating feedback in health care based on a systematic review and meta-synthesis of qualitative research

  Count (%)*
Publication date
 2012–2016 42 (65)
 2007–2011 13 (20)
 2002–2006 4 (6)
 1996–2001 6 (9)
Quality appraisal
 No limitations 0 (0)
 Minor limitations 9 (14)
 Moderate limitations 47 (72)
 Major limitations 9 (14)
Continent
 Europe 37 (57)
 North America 22 (34)
 Africa 2 (3)
 Australia 2 (3)
 South America 2 (3)
Setting
 Hospital inpatient 30 (46)
 Primary care 28 (43)
 Hospital outpatient 3 (5)
 Nursing home 3 (5)
 Mental health 1 (2)
Feedback topic
 Chronic care (general) 15 (23)
 Patient experience 14 (22)
 Prescribing 11 (17)
 Health care structures 10 (15)
 General nursing 8 (12)
 Surgery 7 (11)
 Cancer 5 (8)
 Diabetes 5 (8)
 Stroke 5 (8)
 Obstetrics 5 (8)
 Preventive care 4 (6)
 Infectious disease 3 (5)
 Patient demographics 2 (3)
 Staff experience 2 (3)
 Intensive care 2 (3)
 Mental health 1 (2)
 General surgery 1 (2)
 Heart failure 1 (2)
 Orthopaedics 1 (2)
 Paediatrics 1 (2)
 Physiotherapy 1 (2)
 Rheumatology 1 (2)
 Care costs 1 (2)
Feedback recipient
 Physicians 45 (69)
 Nurses 40 (62)
 Non-clinicians 24 (37)
 Surgeons 6 (9)
 Allied clinicians 6 (9)
 Junior physicians 3 (5)
 Midwives 2 (3)
 Pharmacists 2 (3)
 Pathologists 1 (2)
 Radiologists 1 (2)
Feedback format
 Paper report 28 (43)
 Face-to-face 25 (38)
 Software application 12 (18)
 Electronic report 10 (15)
Co-intervention
 Peer discussion 28 (43)
 Problem solving 22 (34)
 External change agent 17 (26)
 Action planning 15 (23)
 Reward (financial) 13 (20)
 Clinical education 7 (11)
 Reward (non-financial) 5 (8)
 Reminders 3 (5)
  1. *Counts may add to more than 100% where papers are in multiple categories