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Table 4 Frequency of EPIS factors in each phase

From: Systematic review of the Exploration, Preparation, Implementation, Sustainment (EPIS) framework

  Constructs Phases
E P I S
Outer context Service environment 6 9 17 10
  Policies 2 6 12 6
Funding/contracting 8 12 20 14
Leadership 2 2 7 6
Inter-organizational environment and networks 9 8 15 12
Client characteristics 2 2 4 3
Patient/client advocacy 1 0 2 1
Innovation factors* Innovation/EBP developers 0 0 0 0
Innovation/EBP characteristics 1 1 1 1
Innovation/EBP fit* 5 6 14 9
Bridging factors* Community-academic partnerships 1 1 2 2
Purveyors/intermediaries 0 0 0 0
Inner context Organizational characteristics 13 18 32 22
  Culture 4 6 11 5
  Climate 7 9 13 6
Leadership 6 9 22 9
Quality and fidelity monitoring/support 2 4 8 3
Organizational staffing processes 7 9 27 15
Individual characteristics 16 24 34 19
  Attitudes towards EBPs 9 10 17 9
  Demographics 4 5 7 4
  1. *Represents factors that are new and not defined in original EPIS 2011 paper
  2. Frequency counts represent unique articles