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Table 1 Randomized trials examining the effectiveness of ROSE in preventing PPD

From: Protocol for the ROSE sustainment (ROSES) study, a sequential multiple assignment randomized trial to determine the minimum necessary intervention to maintain a postpartum depression prevention program in prenatal clinics serving low-income women

Population Sample size % with PPD: ROSE % with PPD: usual care Time post-partum
Pregnant women on public assistance [29] 37 0%* 33% 12 weeks
Women on public assistance at risk for PPD [27]a 99 4%* 20% 3 months
Pregnant women on public assistance at PPD risk [28] 205 16%* 31% 6 months
Pregnant adolescents [39] 106 12.5% 25%b 6 months
African-American women at risk for PPD [40]a 36 Depressive symptoms decreased over time No change in depressive symptoms 3 months
  1. *p < .05 between conditions
  2. aPer Cooper Survey Questionnaire [76]
  3. bDose-matched control