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Table 5 Nordmark et al. link NPT related questions to a data matrix [116]. (Reproduced from BMC Medical Informatics and Decision-Making under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) licence)

From: Using Normalization Process Theory in feasibility studies and process evaluations of complex healthcare interventions: a systematic review

  Coherence Cognitive participation Collective action Reflexive monitoring
What is the process? Who performs the process? How does the process get performed? How is the process understood?
How RNs, DNs and HCOs perceived the DPP and whether they experienced the DPP as valuable to them and agreed about its usefulness and purpose Whether RNs, DNs and HCOs saw the DPP as a legitimate part of their work and whether they supported it over time How the DPP was provided within the existing context, how the embedding and integration work had proceeded due to knowledge and resources How RNs, DNs and HCOs individually and collectively evaluated the DPP and its supportive tools
Factors that promote or inhibit the routine embedding of DPP. Factors that promote or inhibit participation in DPP Factors that promote or inhibit enacting DPP Factors that promote or inhibit appraisal of DPP
Data source No. of text units
Survey 0 1 12 0
Interview RNs 0 119 225 78
Interview DNs, HCOs 0 122 80 59
Adverse events/information system failures 0 3 2 0
Workshops 12 8 37 6