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Table 1 Controlled studies using NPT as their analytic framework

From: Using Normalization Process Theory in feasibility studies and process evaluations of complex healthcare interventions: a systematic review

First author/first paper Country of origin Theory frame Research problem Evidence base cited to support intervention Use of NPT specified in protocol NPT study type Data collected Application of NPT to data Factors leading to intervention success or failure Differences between categories of participants Differences between settings
1. Ballinger et al. [19] UK NPT Stroke rehabilitation Systematic review [149] Process evaluation Qualitative Retrospective Yes No No
2. Bamford et al. [20] UK NPT New professional roles in dementia care Systematic review [150] Yes Process evaluation Qualitative Prospective Yes Yes No
3. Blakeman et al. [21] UK NPT Chronic kidney disease management (telephone support) NICE guideline [151] Yes Process evaluation Qualitative Prospective Yes Yes No
4. Blickem et al. [22] UK NPT Self-management support for long-term conditions (telephone support)   Yes Process evaluation Qualitative Prospective Yes Yes No
5. Brooks et al. [23] UK NPT Care planning (mental health) Systematic review [152] Yes Intervention design Qualitative Prospective Yes Yes Yes
6. Buckingham et al. [24] UK NPT COPD management in primary care Systematic review [153] Feasibility study Mixed Prospective Yes Yes N/A
7. Clarke et al. [25, 26] UK NPT Stroke rehabilitation Systematic review [154] Yes Process evaluation Qualitative Prospective Yes Yes Yes
8. Coupe et al. [27] UK NPT Collaborative care for depression   Yes Process evaluation Qualitative Retrospective Yes Yes Yes
9. Finch et al. [28] UK NPT Cognitive behavioural therapy Systematic review [156] Yes Feasibility study Qualitative Prospective Yes Yes N/A
10. Furler et al. [29,30,31] Australia NPT Diabetes management in primary care   Yes Process evaluation Qualitative Prospective Yes Yes No
11. Gabbay et al. [32] UK NPT Debt counselling for depression in primary care NICE guideline [178] Yes Process evaluation Qualitative Prospective Yes Yes Yes
12. Gask et al. [33] UK NPM Collaborative care for depression Systematic review [155] Yes Process evaluation Qualitative Retrospective Yes Yes No
13. Grant et al. [34, 35] UK NPT Primary care prescribing NICE guideline [157] Yes Process evaluation Qualitative Prospective Yes Yes No
14. Godfrey et al. [36] UK NPT Delirium prevention in hospital Systematic review [158] Yes Process evaluation Qualitative Prospective Yes Yes Yes
15. Hind et al. [37] UK NPT Aquatic therapy for children with Duchenne muscular Dystrophy   Yes Feasibility Study Qualitative Prospective Yes No No
16. Hooker et al. [38,39,40,41,42] Australia NPT Identifying women at risk of intimate partner violence   Yes Process evaluation Mixed Prospective Yes Yes Yes
17. Kennedy et al. [43,44,45,46] UK NPT Social network support in long-term conditions Systematic review [159] Yes Process evaluation Qualitative Prospective Yes Yes Yes
18. Khowaja et al. [47] India, Mozambique, Nigeria, Pakistan NPT Maternal health in low-income countries WHO guideline [160] Feasibility study Mixed Prospective Yes Yes Yes
19. Leon et al. [48] South Africa NPM Testing and counselling for HIV in South Africa Systematic reviews [161,162,163] Process evaluation Qualitative Retrospective Yes Yes No
20. Mair et al. [49] UK NPM Telemedicine for COPD Systematic review [164] Process evaluation Qualitative Retrospective Yes Yes N/A
21. Ong et al. [50,51,52] UK NPT Osteoarthritis guidelines in primary care NICE guideline [165] Process evaluation Qualitative Prospective Yes Yes Yes
22. Ricketts [53] UK NPT Chlamydia screening in primary care   Process evaluation Qualitative Retrospective Yes No No
23. Speed et al. [54] UK NPM Management of constipation in primary care   Yes Process evaluation Qualitative Prospective Yes Yes No
24. Sturgiss et al. [55] Australia NPT Weight management programme in primary care   Yes Feasibility study Quantitative (survey) Prospective Yes No No
25. Thomas, L. et al. [56, 57] UK NPT Stroke rehabilitation (incontinence) RCP-ICSWP guideline [166] Yes Process evaluation Qualitative Prospective Yes Yes Yes
26. Willis [58] Australia NPT Community support for women with postnatal depression   Yes Historical review of documents Textual analysis Retrospective Yes N/A N/A
  1. N/A not available