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Table 6 Barriers and facilitators to engagement

From: Engaging policy-makers, health system managers, and policy analysts in the knowledge synthesis process: a scoping review

Factors reported in 31 papers Seen as a facilitator Seen as a barrier
Count (%) Count (%)
Available resources (e.g., personnel, material) 0 (0.0%) 2 (2.4%)
Capacity and established methods for engagement 3 (3.6%) 1 (1.2%)
Clear expectations and responsibilities 3 (3.6%) 1 (1.2%)
Contact with knowledge users 2 (2.4%) 1 (1.2%)
Differing values 1 (1.2%) 0 (0.0%)
Establishment of partnership early in the research process 7 (8.3%) 0 (0.0%)
Establishment of unbiased consensus 1 (1.2%) 2 (2.4%)
Forums for interaction 6 (7.1%) 1 (1.2%)
Geographic distance 0 (0.0%) 1 (1.2%)
Ongoing collaboration with partners 4 (4.8%) 0 (0.0%)
Knowledge user research skills 1 (1.2%) 1 (1.2%)
Knowledge user topic expertise/awareness 14 (16.7%) 5 (6.0%)
Relationship with knowledge users 2 (2.4%) 0 (0.0%)
Timing and opportunity 3 (3.6%) 9 (10.7%)
Training/mentoring of researchers and knowledge users 2 (2.4%) 0 (0.0%)
Willingness to participate 1 (1.2%) 2 (2.4%)