Skip to main content

Table 1 Descriptive statistics from 427 participants nested in 112 programs

From: Advancing theory development: exploring the leadership–climate relationship as a mechanism of the implementation of cultural competence

  M (SD) or % Range
Participant demographics
 Age 46.6 (11.7) 19–75
 Race and ethnicity
  Latino 40.1  
  African American 27.6  
  White 21.6  
  Other 10.1  
 Position
  Director 25.3  
  Supervisor 15.7  
  Counselor 58.8  
 Education
  High school or lower 5.9  
  College 56.4  
  Graduate degree 32.3  
Program measures
 Transformational leadership 39.4 (7.5) 10–50
  Climate for implementation of cultural competence 3.4 (0.85) 1–5
  Knowledge 2.9 (0.57) 1–4
  Personnel practices 2.6 (0.74) 1–4
  Service practices 2.4 (0.87) 1–4
Control variables
 Percentage of public funding 67.9  
 Licensing 96.3  
 Professional accreditation (Joint Commission) 32.7  
 Professionalization (% of staff with graduate degree) 21.6 (18.3) 0–75