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Table 6 Summary of study results

From: The effectiveness of research implementation strategies for promoting evidence-informed policy and management decisions in healthcare: a systematic review

Study (author, year) Implementation strategy Level 1: change in reaction/attitudes/beliefs Level 2: learning Level 3: behaviour
Randomised controlled trial
 Beynon 2012 [46] Basic 3-page policy brief High-quality ratings
Opinion about evidence strength or intervention effectiveness varies by health topic
Less likely to source other information and research related to the topic than control
Basic 3-page policy brief plus an expert opinion piece High-quality rating
Opinion about evidence strength or intervention effectiveness varies by health topic.
Increased intention to send policy brief to someone else and tell someone about key messages
Less likely to source other information and research related to the topic than control.
Trend towards intentions persisting to actions.
More likely to send policy brief to someone else
Basic 3-page policy brief plus an un-credited expert opinion piece High-quality rating
Opinion about evidence strength or intervention effectiveness varies by health topic
Less likely to source other information and research related to the topic than control
 Dobbins 2009 [9] Tailored, targeted messages Improved use of public health policies and programs compared to control
Tailored, targeted messages plus a knowledge broker Addition of knowledge broker potentially reduced use of public health policies and programs. However, improvements may have occurred in organisations with low research culture
Non-randomised controlled trial
 Brownson 2007 [47] Workshops, ongoing technical assistance, and digital resources Change in whether heard of recommendations and attended training.
Less likely to report state legislators were supportive of physical activity interventions.
No change in other outcomes from baseline
All knowledge and skill measurements improved.
Change larger for local than state health department decision-makers in every category except methods in understanding cost.
The largest change related to attitudes
Improvement in self-reported individual adapted health behaviour change.
No difference in other behaviour change outcomes