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Table 4 Estimates of intervention effect by group

From: Increasing the provision of preventive care by community healthcare services: a stepped wedge implementation trial

Outcome Group 1 Group 2 Group 3
Int. effect OR p value Int. effect OR p value Int. effect OR p value
Assessment
 Smoking 0.78 (0.45, 1.36) 0.38 1.61 (0.88, 2.94) 0.12 1.58 (0.96, 2.59) 0.07
 Fruit and vegetable 2.05 (1.23, 3.4) 0.006 2.11 (1.13, 3.95) 0.02 1.55 (0.96, 2.5) 0.07
 Alcohol 0.97 (0.57, 1.64) 0.92 1.67 (0.92, 3.03) 0.09 1.74 (1.09, 2.8) 0.02
 Physical activity 0.91 (0.55, 1.52) 0.72 1.07 (0.6, 1.93) 0.81 1.21 (0.76, 1.93) 0.43
 All risks combined 1.39 (0.83, 2.35) 0.22 1.74 (0.87, 3.51) 0.12 1.56 (0.92, 2.64) 0.10
Brief Advicea
 Smoking 0.2 (0.04, 0.95) 0.04 46.42 (6.45, 333.89) <0.001 1.27 (0.32, 5.06) 0.73
 Fruit and/or vegetable 2.17 (1.16, 4.05) 0.02 1.53 (0.68, 3.41) 0.30 1.53 (0.84, 2.77) 0.16
 Alcohol 1.99 (0.65, 6.11) 0.23 4.14 (0.92, 18.61) 0.06 1.37 (0.49, 3.88) 0.55
 Physical activity 1.94 (0.71, 5.35) 0.20 1.7 (0.49, 5.94) 0.41 1.4 (0.54, 3.62) 0.48
 All applicable risks combined 1.74 (0.95, 3.2) 0.07 1.72 (0.78, 3.78) 0.18 1.07 (0.6, 1.89) 0.83
Referrala
 Smoking 2.91 (0.60, 14.07) 0.18 11.56 (1.22, 109.82) 0.03 0.57 (0.11, 3.01) 0.50
 Fruit and/or vegetable 1.56 (0.67, 3.62) 0.30 0.98 (0.33, 2.89) 0.97 1.08 (0.53, 2.20) 0.83
 Alcohol 2.55 (0.22, 29.33) 0.45 1.31 (0.06, 27.05) 0.86 0.57 (0.06, 5.63) 0.63
 Physical activity 2.27 (0.58, 8.79) 0.24 0.91 (0.17, 4.82) 0.91 0.95 (0.32, 2.83) 0.93
 Referral for all relevant risks 1.85 (0.67, 5.14) 0.24 2.24 (0.61, 8.18) 0.22 0.97 (0.44, 2.16) 0.95
  1. Intervention Effects adjusted for time and number of visits to the service in the last 12 months
  2. aLimited to those who were at risk for relevant behaviour(s)