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Table 1 Client characteristics at baseline and follow-up for all groups

From: Increasing the provision of preventive care by community healthcare services: a stepped wedge implementation trial

Variable Class Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Overall
Baseline (n = 384; 83% consent) Follow-up (n = 1121; 84% consent) Baseline (n = 758; 83% consent) Follow-up (n = 672; 79% consent) Baseline (n = 1235; 84% consent) Follow-up (n = 219; 79% consent) Baseline (n = 2377; 84% consent) Follow-up (n = 2012; 82% consent) Overall (n = 4389; 83% consent)
Gender Male 149 (39%) 418 (37%) 304 (40%) 248 (37%) 529 (43%) 109 (50%) 982 (41%) 775 (39%) 1757 (40%)
Age <40 43 (11%) 212 (19%) 42 (5.5%) 56 (8.3%) 136 (11%) 25 (11%) 221 (9%0 293 (15%) 514 (12%)
40–49 36 (9.4%) 119 (11%) 59 (7.8%) 44 (6.5%) 91 (7.4%) 10 (4.6%) 186 (8%) 173 (9%) 359 (8%)
50–59 68 (18%) 159 (14%) 85 (11%) 78 (12%) 177 (14%) 30 (14%) 330 (14%) 267 (13%) 597 (14%)
60+ 237 (62%) 631 (56%) 572 (75%) 494 (74%) 831 (67%) 154 (70%) 1640 (69%) 1279 (64%) 2919 (67%)
Index of disadvantagea Lower half 372 (97%) 1079 (96%) 664 (88%) 608 (90%) 594 (48%) 98 (45%) 1630 (69%) 1785 (89%) 3415 (78%)
Higher half 12 (3.1%) 40 (3.6%) 94 (12%) 64 (9.5%) 641 (52%) 121 (55%) 747 (31%) 225 (11%) 972 (22%)
Client remotenessb Major cities 3 (0.8%) 3 (0.3%) 1 (0.1%) 4 (0.6%) 801 (65%) 138 (63%) 805 (34%) 145 (7%) 950 (22%)
Regional/remote 381 (99%) 1116 (99%) 757 (99%) 668 (99%) 434 (35%) 81 (37%) 1572 (66%) 1865 (93%) 3437 (78%)
Indigenous status Aboriginal/Torres Strait Islander 17 (4.4%) 103 (9.2%) 30 (4.0%) 46 (6.8%) 34 (2.8%) 11 (5.0%) 93 (4%) 180 (9%) 273 (6%)
Marital status Not living with a partner 177 (46%) 430 (39%) 352 (46%) 317 (47%) 576 (47%) 95 (43%) 1105 (47%) 842 (42%) 1947 (44%)
Living with partner 206 (54%) 686 (61%) 406 (54%) 354 (53%) 657 (53%) 124 (57%) 1269 (53%) 1164 (58%) 2433 (56%)
Education level Some high school or less 123 (32%) 272 (24%) 266 (35%) 236 (35%) 336 (27%) 63 (29%) 725 (31%) 571 (28%) 1296 (30%)
Completed high school 195 (51%) 473 (42%) 345 (46%) 269 (40%) 554 (45%) 82 (37%) 1094 (46%) 824 (41%) 1918 (44%)
Vocational education and training: -certificate or diploma 42 (11%) 260 (23%) 87 (12%) 107 (16%) 227 (18%) 54 (25%) 356 (15%) 421 (21%) 777 (18%)
University: degree or higher 23 (6.0%) 114 (10%) 57 (7.5%) 60 (8.9%) 115 (9.3%) 20 (9.1%) 195 (8%) 194 (10%) 389 (9%)
Employment status Employed 82 (21%) 342 (31%) 125 (16%) 112 (17%) 193 (16%) 30 (14%) 400 (17%) 484 (24%) 884 (20%)
Not working 65 (17%) 115 (10%) 74 (9.8%) 88 (13%) 193 (16%) 33 (15%) 332 (14%) 236 (12%) 568 (13%)
Other 34 (8.9%) 144 (13%) 58 (7.7%) 48 (7.1%) 97 (7.9%) 19 (8.7%) 189 (8%) 211 (10%) 400 (9%)
Retired 203 (53%) 520 (46%) 501 (66%) 424 (63%) 751 (61%) 137 (63%) 1455 (61%) 1081 (54%) 2536 (58%)
Smoking At risk 58 (15%) 180 (16%) 80 (11%) 98 (15%) 175 (14%) 29 (13%) 313 (13%) 307 (15%) 620 (14%)
Alcohol overconsumption At risk 96 (25%) 292 (26%) 166 (22%) 135 (20%) 277 (22%) 46 (21%) 539 (23%) 473 (24%) 1012 (23%)
Fruit and/or vegetable intake At risk 314 (82%) 740 (66%) 567 (75%) 428 (64%) 959 (78%) 155 (71%) 1840 (77%) 1323 (66%) 3163 (72%)
Physical inactivity At risk 100 (26%) 275 (25%) 166 (22%) 140 (21%) 347 (28%) 44 (20%) 613 (26%) 459 (23%) 1072 (24%)
Number of risks 0 37 (9.7%) 218 (19%) 126 (17%) 164 (24%) 171 (14%) 37 (17%) 334 (14%) 419 (21%) 753 (17%)
1 176 (46%) 451 (40%) 362 (48%) 282 (42%) 541 (44%) 109 (50%) 1079 (45%) 842 (42%) 1921 (44%)
2 124 (32%) 335 (30%) 201 (27%) 165 (25%) 365 (30%) 57 (26%) 690 (29%) 557 (28%) 1247 (28%)
3 40 (10%) 102 (9.1%) 61 (8.0%) 55 (8.2%) 141 (11%) 13 (5.9%) 242 (10%) 170 (8%) 412 (9%)
4+ 6 (1.6%) 15 (1.3%) 8 (1.1%) 6 (0.9%) 16 (1.3%) 3 (1.4%) 30 (1%) 24 (1%) 54 (1%)
Number of appointments in last 12 monthsa: M(SD)   14.7 (30.0) 5 (9.3) 16.6 (28.1) 13.2 (23.7) 12.6 (20.1) 13.4 (20.3) 14.2 (24.7) 8.7 (17.2) 11.7 (21.8)
  1. aSocio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA) [48]. The SEIFA index of disadvantage ranks areas in Australia according to relative socio-economic advantage and disadvantage. Residential postcode was used to calculate SEIFA based on the geographic area of participant residence: lower NSW half (<=991); higher NSW half (>991)
  2. bAccessibility/Remoteness Index of Australia (ARIA) [49].The ARIA is an index of the accessibility of a geographical area to a service centres (defined as an urban center with a population > = 5000). ARIA was calculated for participants based on residential postcode: Major city, ARIA <=.2; Regional or remote, ARIA >.2