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Table 1 The Theoretical Domains Framework (v1 [15] and v2 [16]) with definitions and component constructs

From: A guide to using the Theoretical Domains Framework of behaviour change to investigate implementation problems

Version 1[15]
Domain Constructs
Knowledge Knowledge
Knowledge about condition/scientific rationale
Schemas + mindsets + illness representations
Procedural knowledge
Skills Skills
Competence/ability/skill assessment
Practice/skills development
Interpersonal skills
Coping strategies
Social/professional role and identity Identity
Professional identity/boundaries/role
Group/social identity
Social/group norms
Alienation/organisational commitment
Beliefs about capabilities Self-efficacy
Control—of behaviour and material and
Social environment
Perceived competence
Self-confidence/professional confidence
Empowerment
Self-esteem
Perceived behavioural control
Optimism/pessimism
Beliefs about consequences Outcome expectancies
Anticipated regret
Appraisal/evaluation/review
Consequents
Attitudes
Contingencies
Reinforcement/punishment/consequences
Incentives/rewards
Beliefs
Unrealistic optimism
Salient events/sensitisation/critical incidents
Characteristics of outcome expectancies—physical, social, emotional; sanctions/rewards, proximal/distal, valued/not valued, probable/improbable, salient/not salient, perceived risk/threat
Motivation and goals Intention; stability of intention/certainty of intention
Goals (autonomous, controlled)
Goal target/setting
Goal priority
Intrinsic motivation
Commitment
Distal and proximal goals
Transtheoretical model and stages of change
Memory, attention and decision processes Memory
Attention
Attention control
Decision-making
Environmental context and resources Resources/material resources (availability and management)
Environmental stressors
Person × environment interaction
Knowledge of task environment
Social influences Social support
Social/group norms
Organisational development
Leadership
Team working
Group conformity
Organisational climate/culture
Social pressure
Power/hierarchy
Professional boundaries/roles
Management commitment
Supervision
Inter-group conflict
Champions
Social comparisons
Identity; group/social identity
Organisational commitment/alienation
Feedback
Conflict—competing demands, conflicting roles
Change management
Crew resource management
Negotiation
Social support: personal/professional/organisational, intra/interpersonal, society/community
Social/group norms: subjective, descriptive, injunctive norms
Learning and modelling
Emotion Affect
Stress
Anticipated regret
Fear
Burn-out
Cognitive overload/tiredness
Threat
Positive/negative affect
Anxiety/depression
Behavioural regulation Goal/target setting
Implementation intention
Action planning
Self-monitoring
Goal priority
Generating alternatives
Feedback
Moderators of intention-behaviour gap
Project management
Barriers and facilitators
Nature of the behaviours Routine/automatic/habit
Breaking habit
Direct experience/past behaviour
Representation of tasks
Stages of change model
Version 2
Domain (definition) Constructs
1. Knowledge
(An awareness of the existence of something)
Knowledge (including knowledge of condition/scientific rationale)
Procedural knowledge
Knowledge of task environment
2. Skills
(An ability or proficiency acquired through practice)
Skills
Skills development
Competence
Ability
Interpersonal skills
Practice
Skill assessment
3. Social/professional role and identity
(A coherent set of behaviours and displayed personal qualities of an individual in a social or work setting)
Professional identity
Professional role
Social identity
Identity
Professional boundaries
Professional confidence
Group identity
Leadership
Organisational commitment
4. Beliefs about capabilities
(Acceptance of the truth, reality or validity about an ability, talent or facility that a person can put to constructive use)
Self-confidence
Perceived competence
Self-efficacy
Perceived behavioural control
Beliefs
Self-esteem
Empowerment
Professional confidence
5. Optimism
(The confidence that things will happen for the best or that desired goals will be attained)
Optimism
Pessimism
Unrealistic optimism
Identity
6. Beliefs about Consequences
(Acceptance of the truth, reality, or validity about outcomes of a behaviour in a given situation)
Beliefs
Outcome expectancies
Characteristics of outcome expectancies
Anticipated regret
Consequents
7. Reinforcement
(Increasing the probability of a response by arranging a dependent relationship, or contingency, between the response and a given stimulus)
Rewards (proximal/distal, valued/not valued, probable/improbable)
Incentives
Punishment
Consequents
Reinforcement
Contingencies
Sanctions
8. Intentions
(A conscious decision to perform a behaviour or a resolve to act in a certain way)
Stability of intentions
Stages of change model
Transtheoretical model and stages of change
9. Goals
(Mental representations of outcomes or end states that an individual wants to achieve)
Goals (distal/proximal)
Goal priority
Goal/target setting
Goals (autonomous/controlled)
Action planning
Implementation intention
10. Memory, attention and decision processes
(The ability to retain information, focus selectively on aspects of the environment and choose between two or more alternatives)
Memory
Attention
Attention control
Decision making
Cognitive overload/tiredness
11. Environmental context and resources
(Any circumstance of a person’s situation or environment that discourages or encourages the development of skills and abilities, independence, social competence and adaptive behaviour)
Environmental stressors
Resources/material resources
Organisational culture/climate
Salient events/critical incidents
Person × environment interaction
Barriers and facilitators
12. Social influences
(Those interpersonal processes that can cause individuals to change their thoughts, feelings, or behaviours)
Social pressure
Social norms
Group conformity
Social comparisons
Group norms
Social support
Power
Intergroup conflict
Alienation
Group identity
Modelling
13. Emotion
(A complex reaction pattern, involving experiential, behavioural, and physiological elements, by which the individual attempts to deal with a personally significant matter or event)
Fear
Anxiety
Affect
Stress
Depression
Positive/negative affect
Burn-out
14. Behavioural regulation
(Anything aimed at managing or changing objectively observed or measured actions)
Self-monitoring
Breaking habit
Action planning