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Table 1 Quality indicators used in this study; all fed back as proportions (nominator divided by denominator) with 100% being the maximum score

From: Electronic audit and feedback intervention with action implementation toolbox to improve pain management in intensive care: protocol for a laboratory experiment and cluster randomised trial

Quality indicator Type Unit of observation Nominator Denominator
Performing pain measurements each shift Process Patient shift Patient shifts during which pain was measured at least once All patient shifts
Acceptable pain scores Outcome Patient shift Patient shifts during which pain was measured and no unacceptable pain scores were observed Patient shifts during which pain was measured
Repeating pain measurements with unacceptable score within 1 h Process Patient shift Patient shifts during which an unacceptable pain score was measured, and pain was re-measured within 1 h Patient shifts during which an unacceptable pain score was measured
Unacceptable pain scores normalised within 1 h Outcome Patient shift Patient shifts during which an unacceptable pain score was measured, and pain was re-measured within 1 h indicating that the pain score was normalised Patient shifts during which an unacceptable pain score was measured