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Table 2 Australian datasets (stand-alone or linked) available to quantify low-value prescribing practices

From: A methodological protocol for selecting and quantifying low-value prescribing practices in routinely collected data: an Australian case study

Dataset Variables of interest
Medicines prescribed in the community  
Dispensing
Dataset: Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) dispensing claims. Available 2005 to current
Custodian: Australian Government Department of Human Services
Item number, date of prescribing and dispensing service, patient co-payment, cost to government, patient demographics (age, gender, location of residence mapped to Socioeconomic Index and Remoteness classifications), provider location (also mapped), fact of death
Prescribing
Dataset: MedicineInsight. Available 2010 to current
Custodian: NPS MedicineWise
Prescribed medicines (date of prescribing; prescribed daily dose; indication for prescribing), test ordering (date of request, results), patient demographics (age, gender, location of residence mapped to Socioeconomic Index and Remoteness classifications), patient past medical and family history, referrals, management plans, immunisations, provider location (also mapped)
Datasets to which PBS dispensing data will be linked
Tests, procedures and outpatient consultations
Dataset: Medical Benefits Schedule (MBS) service claims. Available 2004 to 2013
Custodian: Australian Government Department of Veterans Affairs
Item number, date of service, scheduled fee, provider charge, benefits paid, patient co-payment, patient demographics (age, gender, location of residence mapped to Socioeconomic Index and Remoteness classifications), provider location (also mapped)
Hospitalisations
Dataset: NSW Admitted Patient Data Collection
Available July 2000 to current
Custodian: Director, Demand and Performance Evaluation Branch, NSW Department of Health
Diagnostic and procedure codes, diagnosis-related groups (admission costs), hospital type, separation date and status, geographic location of patient residence and hospital; patient demographics (age, gender, place of residence)
Emergency department visits
Dataset: NSW Emergency Department Data Collection. Available 2005 to current
Custodian: Director, Demand and Performance Evaluation Branch, NSW Department of Health
Triage category, diagnostic codes; mode of arrival; hospital type, geographic location of patient residence and hospital, separation date and status, patient demographics (age, gender, place of residence)
Cancer notifications
Dataset: NSW Central Cancer Registry. Available 1994 to current
Custodian: Central Cancer Registry NSW
Date of new cancer diagnosis, type of cancer, stage at diagnosis
Death data
Dataset: Registry of Births, Deaths and Marriages NSW. Available 1994 to current
Custodian: Registrar of Births, Deaths and Marriages NSW
Cause of death, place of death, date of death, decedent demographics (age, gender, place of usual residence)