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Table 1 Number, type, and use of theories in included studies

From: Use of theory to plan or evaluate guideline implementation among physicians: a scoping review

Theory (or models/frameworks) Employed in included studies, n (% of 42) How used n (%)
identify barriers (% of 32 studies) Select and/or tailor intervention (% of 2 studies) Evaluate intervention impact (% of 8 studies)
Theory of Planned Behavior 16 (38.1) 14 (43.8) 2 (25.0)
Theoretical Domains Framework 10 (23.8) 8 (25.0) 1 (50.0) 1 (12.5)
Diffusion of Innovation Theory 3 (7.1) 2 (6.3)   1 (12.5)
Cabana Framework of Barriers to Physician Guideline Adherence 3 (7.1) 3 (9.4)
Social Cognitive Theory 2 (4.8) 2 (25.0)
Normalization Process Theory 2 (4.8) 1 (3.1) 1 (12.5)
Attitude Social Norm Self Efficacy Model 2 (4.8) 1 (3.1) 1 (50.0)
Adult Learning Theory 1 (2.4) 1 (50.0)
Social Marketing Theory 1 (2.4) 1 (12.5)
Social Learning Theory 1 (2.4) 1 (12.5)
Self-Perception Theory 1 (2.4) 1 (12.5)
Fuzzy-Trace Theory 1 (2.4) 1 (3.1)
Dual Process Model of Behavior 1 (2.4) 1 (3.1)
Knowledge Attitude Behavior Framework 1 (2.4) 1 (3.1)
Elaboration Likelihood Model 1 (2.4) 1 (12.5)
Social Influence Model of Behavior Change 1 (2.4) 1 (12.5)