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Table 1 Included CPGs (n = 12)

From: Clinical practice guidelines for the management of chronic musculoskeletal pain in primary healthcare: a systematic review

CPG number Title of guideline Organization/authors Country of origin Guideline currency
Date for revision Publication date Search dates covered
CPG 1 Guidelines for responsible opioid prescribing in chronic non-cancer pain: Part 1—evidence; Part 2—guidance American Society of Interventional Pain Physicians (ASIPP) [41] USA June 2015 2012
(update on 2008 version)
Not stated
CPG 2 Assessment and management of chronic pain Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement (ICSI) [31] USA Every 24 months, i.e., December 2015 2013 (update on 2011 version) August 2011–August 2013
CPG 3 Canadian guideline for safe and effective use of opioids for chronic non-cancer pain National Opioid Use Guideline Group (NOUGG) [42] Canada Not stated 2010 2005–July 2009
CPG 4 Assessment and management of pain Registered Nurses’ Association of Ontario (RNAO) [32] Canada Every 5 years, i.e., 2018 2013
(update on 2002, 2007 versions)
CPG 5 Management of chronic pain: a national clinical guideline. Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) [30] UK In 3 years, i.e., 2016 2013 2007–2012
CPG 6 Managing chronic non-terminal pain in adults including prescribing controlled substances University of Michigan Health System (UMHS) [43] USA Not stated (previous was 2009, 2011) 2011 1995–2010;
(search dates 1998 –2002)
CPG 7 Interagency guideline on opioid dosing for chronic non-cancer pain: an educational aid to improve care and safety with opioid treatment Washington State Agency Medical Directors’ Group (WSAMDG) [44] USA Not stated 2010
(update on 2007 version)
Not stated
CGA 8 Clinical guidelines for the use of chronic opioid therapy in chronic non-cancer pain The American pain society (APS)–American academy of pain medicine (AAP) [45] USA 2012 2009 Through to July 2008 (not stated from when)
CGA 9 Managing musculoskeletal complaints with rehabilitation therapy: summary of the Philadelphia panel evidence-based clinical practice guidelines on musculoskeletal The Philadelphia Panel Members and Ottawa Methods Group [46, 47] Canada and USA Not stated 2002 Through to July 2000
CGA 10 South African guideline for the use of chronic opioid therapy for chronic non-cancer pain Raff M, Eppel S, Meyer H, Sarembock B, Webb D [48] SA Not stated 2014 Not stated
four existing CPGs published between 2009–2012 were chosen (CPG 1, 2, 8 in this Table)
CGA 11 Evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for interdisciplinary rehabilitation of chronic non-malignant pain syndrome patients Sanders SH, Harden NR, Vicente PJ [33] USA Every 4 years 2005
(update on 1995, 1999 version)
September 1999 (end date not stated)
CGA 12 Update on guidelines for treatment of chronic musculoskeletal pain Schnitzer TJ [7] USA Not stated 2006 Not stated
  1. (CPG clinical practice guideline, CGA clinical guideline in article format, USA United States of America, UK United Kingdom, SA South Africa)