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Table 4 Components of ToC in the papers where a ToC was displayed or described. Essential and additional components adapted from Vogel [8]

From: Using theory of change to design and evaluate public health interventions: a systematic review

ToC components n = 44
n (%)
Essential  
 Long-term change 40 (90.9 %)
 Process/sequence of change 33 (75 %)
 Context 24 (54.5 %)
 Assumptions 7 (15.9 %)
Additional  
 Strategic choices and intervention options 23 (52.3 %)
 Beneficiaries 20 (45.5 %)
 Actors in the context 13 (29.5 %)
 Timeline 4 (9.1 %)
 Indicators 4 (9.1 %)
 Sphere of influence 3 (6.8 %)