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Table 2 Basic descriptive statistics of included papers

From: Using theory of change to design and evaluate public health interventions: a systematic review

Variable n = 62
n (%)
Language  
 English 60 (96.7 %)
 Spanish 2 (3.2 %)
Country  
 USA 28 (45.2 %)
 UK 20 (32.3 %)
 Other high-income country 5 (8.1 %)
 Low- and middle-income country 9 (14.5 %)
Type of publication  
 Grey literature 15 (24.2 %)
 Peer-reviewed journal article 47 (75.8 %)
   Public health, medicine and nursing 31 (50.0 %)
   Psychology 3 (4.8 %)
   Social policy and social work 6 (9.7 %)
   Evaluation methods 5 (8.1 %)
   Other 2 (3.2 %)
Use of TOC  
 Describes development of ToC 49 (79.0 %)
 Describes the use of ToC in the development of the intervention 18 (29.0 %)
 Describes the use of ToC in the evaluation of the intervention 49 (79.0 %)