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Table 1 Inclusion and exclusion criteria

From: Using theory of change to design and evaluate public health interventions: a systematic review

Inclusion criteria:
• Describes or evaluates a public health intervention defined as any intervention which is intended to protect health or prevent or treat ill health in communities or populations [1]
• Self-identifies as using a ToC approach and specifically mentions “theory of change”
• Describes how a ToC was developed or how ToC was used in the design, evaluation and/or implementation of a public health intervention
• Any evaluation design
• Any date
• Any language
• Any country
Exclusion criteria:
• Conceptual/methodological or advocacy papers unless they include an example of how a ToC was developed or how ToC was used in the design, evaluation and/or implementation of a public health intervention
• Review articles
• Specific psychological, sociological or organisational theory (unless used to inform the ToC)
• ToC in which the outcome is a change within an individual rather than change at population level.