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Table 6 Examples of strategies for motivation and goals change objectives

From: Using intervention mapping to develop a home-based parental-supervised toothbrushing intervention for young children

Change objective Theoretical method(s) Practical strategy
Motivation and goals Goals and planning Universal programme
Individual/interpersonal level Prompts/cues Leaflet provided detailing UK PSB guidance and highlighting the pros/cons of parental involvement in toothbrushing a child’s teeth vs. not brushing
Intend to purchase appropriate fluoride toothpaste Information on consequences
Intend to brush child’s teeth with fluoride toothpaste twice a day Targeted programme
Increase motivation to prioritise brushing child’s teeth Ask parents to make a series of implementation intentions using a workbook
Increase motivation to allow parent to brush teeth Intentions to purchase toothpaste and toothbrush
When, where and how they will brush their child’s teeth
Intentions to persist in the face of barriers
Intentions to inform significant others of child’s toothbrushing routine
Increase motivation that persisting with brushing child’s teeth when faced with un-cooperative behaviour is a goal worth effort
Increase motivation to persist with brushing child’s teeth in face of problems with PSB environment (i.e. tiredness)
Intend to provide toothbrush and toothpaste to guardians looking after child Encourage the use of reminders such as setting alarms for toothbrushing or using environmental cues (e.g. bath time)
Parent increases guardians motivation to brush child’s teeth in their absence Information on the benefits and costs of parental involvement in brushing child’s teeth vs. not brushing child’s teeth provided in leaflet/video and/or group session with parents by a facilitator
Intend to brush child’s teeth at specific times and places twice a day, every day Information accessible via University-hosted website