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Table 3 Summary of IKT conditions, influencing factors, and outcomes

From: Integrated knowledge translation (IKT) in health care: a scoping review

Study Time from initiation (years) Types of interaction (number) Initiator/Funding Decision-maker involvement Enablers Barriers Outcomesa
Conceptualize and plan Recruit or collect data Interpret findings Disseminate or implement
El-Jardali 2014 [38] 2 to 3 6 WHO
Dedicated
+ NR + + + + +/−
Eriksson 2014 [39] NR 8 Government
Dedicated
+ + + + + + +
Khodyakov 2014 [40] NR 4 Researcher
Research
+ NR NR + + + +
Kislov 2014 [41] 2 NR Government
Dedicated
+ NR NR + NR + -
Kothari 2014 [37] 2 5 NR
Research
+ + NR + + + +/−
Hoeijmakers 2013 [42] 2 6 Government
Dedicated
+ NR NR NR + + +/−
Martin 2013 [43] 2 NR Government
Dedicated
NR NR NR NR + + +/−
Murnaghan 2013 [44] NR 6 Government
Dedicated
+ NR + + + NR +
Rycroft-Malone 2013 [45] 3 to 4 NR Government
Dedicated
NR NR NR NR + + +/−
Soper 2013 [46] NR NR Government
Dedicated
NR NR NR NR + + +/−
Van Olphen 2009 [47] NR 3 Researcher
Research
+ NR NR + + + +/−
Patten 2006 [48] 3 2 Health region
NR
+ NR + --- + + NR
Bowen 2005 [49] Over 5 years 1 NR
Research
+ NR + NR + + +
  1. aOutcome refers to beneficial or sub-optimal outcomes as reported by studies: in relation to study objectives
  2. + all reported outcomes were positive or improved, +/− mixed outcomes (reported outcomes positive/improved and negative/not improved), NR not reported