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Table 4 Ranking of 14 strategies by percentage in favor of each strategy with respect to the question “What are the current ways being used to bridge the gap between science and policy?” in the China-Canada survey 2012

From: Bridging the gap between science and policy: an international survey of scientists and policy makers in China and Canada

Strategy China and Canada n = 207 (100 %) China n = 121 (100 %) Canada n = 86 (100 %) p value (China vs. Canada)
a. Collaboration in study design No. 7, 77 (37 %) No. 7, 51 (42 %) No. 9, 26 (30 %) n.s.
b. Focus on policy No. 1, 117 (57 %) No. 1, 73 (60 %) No. 2, 44 (51 %) n.s.
c. Policy briefs No. 3, 97 (47 %) No. 3, 61 (50 %) No. 5, 36 (42 %) n.s.
d. Web-based portals No. 11, 46 (22 %) No. 11, 20 (17 %) No. 9, 26 (30 %) p < 0.05*
e. Email updates No. 13, 33 (16 %) No. 13, 16 (13 %) No. 13, 17 (20 %) n.s.
f. Journal publications No. 9, 65 (31 %) No. 10, 28 (23 %) No. 4, 37 (43 %) p < 0.01**
g. Conferences No. 3, 97 (47 %) No. 4, 59 (49 %) No. 3, 38 (44 %) n.s.
h. Policy recommendations No. 5, 85 (41 %) No. 6, 56 (46 %) No. 7, 29 (34 %) n.s.
i. Science-policy forums No. 2, 112 (54 %) No. 2, 65 (54 %) No. 1, 47 (55 %) n.s.
j. Joint research projects No. 5, 85 (41 %) No. 5, 58 (48 %) No. 8, 27 (31 %) p < 0.05*
k. Personal contact No. 8, 70 (34 %) No. 9, 35 (29 %) No. 6, 35 (41 %) n.s.
l. Knowledge brokers No. 12, 41 (20 %) No. 12, 19 (16 %) No. 11, 22 (26 %) n.s.
m. Collaboration in analysis No. 10, 61 (29 %) No. 8, 40 (33 %) No. 12, 21 (24 %) n.s.
n. Co-authorship No. 14, 8 (4 %) No. 14, 3 (2 %) No. 14, 5 (6 %) n.s.
No opinion 9 (4 %) 5 (4 %) 4 (5 %) n.s.
  1. n.s. non-significant
  2. *p < 0.05 (two-sided), **p < 0.01 (two-sided)