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Table 3 Reasons for removal due to PVC-related complications and elective reasons

From: Effects of computer reminders on complications of peripheral venous catheters and nurses’ adherence to a guideline in paediatric care—a cluster randomised study

  Intervention Control
  Baseline (n = 626) Post-intervention (n = 618) Baseline (n = 724) Post-intervention (n = 674)
Reasons for removal of PVCs due to complications
n (%) 254 (40.6 %) 259 (41.9 %) 292 (40.3 %) 316 (46.9 %)
 95 % CI 36.7–44.5 38.0–45.8 36.8–44.0 43.1–50.7
Infiltration including extravasation, n (%) 105 (17.1) 108 (17.5) 73 (10.1) 103 (15.3)
Occlusion, n (%) 88 (14.1) 94 (15.2) 130 (18.0) 119 (17.7)
Sign and symptoms of thrombophlebitis, n (%) 37 (5.9) 34 (5.5) 63 (8.7) 67 (9.9)
PVC accidentally removed, n (%) 20 (3.2) 18 (2.9) 20 (2.8) 23 (3.4)
Suspicion of infection, n (%) 3 (0.5) 4 (0.6) 5 (0.7) 2 (0.3)
Wound (pressure wound), n (%) 1 (0.2) 1 (0.2) 1 (0.1) 2 (0.3)
Elective reasons for removal of PVCa
n (%) 372 (59.4 %) 359 (58.1 %) 432 (59.7 %) 358 (53.1 %)
 95 % CI 55.5–63.3 54.1–62.0 56.0–63.2 49.3–56.9
  1. aIncluded completed treatment; the patient is bothered by the PVC, PVC re-sited in connection to blood sampling, or change to central venous access device and other reasons (e.g., location dependent, been inserted too long, and blood at insertion site)