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Table 1 Study Characteristics of Included Studies

From: Barriers and facilitators to uptake of systematic reviews by policy makers and health care managers: a scoping review

Studies [reference] Country Study design Setting Type of end user or participant Number of end users or participants
Albert 2007 [38] Mali Qualitative study National government: pharmaceutical decision-making group Health policy maker 19
Armstrong 2012 [39] Australia Qualitative study Health related organisations National stakeholders of relevance to employment and health, advocacy, member organisation for a workforce or national policy 9
Atack 2010 [40] Canada Qualitative study Different health care settings (research hospital, community hospital, community health centre, long-term care facility, district/regional health authority, government ministry/department, academic health science centre, others) Health care manager 42 for Technology Acceptance Model survey (TAMS) and 12 for interviews
Campbell 2009 [42] Australia Qualitative study Public health and health service government Health policy maker and researcher 38 policy makers/41 researchers
Campbell 2011[41] Australia Qualitative study Independent research organisations and Department of Health Health policy maker and researcher 8 policy makers/11 researchers
Ciliska 1999 [21] Canada Qualitative study Public health organisations Health care managers and total, 277 were eligible, 242 participated in the first survey; 225 participated in the second survey  
Dobbins 2001a (CR to Ciliska 1999) [22] Canada Qualitative study    
Dobbins 2001b (CR of Ciliska 1999) [23] Canada Qualitative study    
Dobbins 2004 [30] Canada Qualitative study Public health/health promotion, government Health care managers and policy makers 46
Dobbins 2004 [31] Canada Qualitative study Public health (programme managers, directors, epidemiologists, medical officers of health, provincial consultants, local board of health members) Health care managers and policymakers 51 participants
Dobbins 2007 [43] Canada Qualitative study Public health decision-makers: managers, directors, medical officers Health care managers and policy makers 16
Dobbins 2009a [24] Canada RCT Public health departments Health care manager 108
Jewell 2008 [44] USA Qualitative study Conference attendees Health policy maker 28 (11—public health; 15—legislators; 2—both)
Lavis 2005 [45] Canada, Scotland, Norway, UK Systematic review and qualitative study Studies of decision-making by health care managers and policy makers, interviews of managers, policy makers, website review Health care managers and policy makers 17 studies and 29 participants
Packer 2000 [52] England Qualitative study 5 health authorities Health policy makers: health authority contacts including public health consultants, public health specialist registrars, a research analyst, and a public health nurse 11 health authority contacts
Ritter 2009 [46] Australia Qualitative study Drug policy units Health policy maker 31 participants
Rosenbaum 2011 [47] Norway, Argentina, China, Colombia, South Africa, and Uganda Qualitative study National or international health service or policy-related work in health departments, national insurance programmes, hospitals, or aid organisations Health care managers and policy makers 18 participants
Shepperd 2013 [48] England Qualitative study Regional health authorities Clinicians and Commissioners (including 2 general practice commissioners, 3 pharmacists, 6 public health consultants, and 4 health caremanagers) 23 clinicians; 15 commissioners (2 general practice commissioners, 3 pharma, 6 public health consults, 4 managers)
Suter 2011 [49] Canada Qualitative study Provincial health authority Health care managers and policy makers 13 participants
Vogel 2013 [50] Canada, England and Wales, Finland, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Scotland, and Spain, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Mozambique, Zambia, Uganda, and South Africa Qualitative study National policy organisations Health care managers and policy makers 112 respondents
Yousefi-Nooraie 2009 [51] Iran Qualitative study Capacity building workshop on systematic review methods in Iran Health care managers and policy makers 131 participants
  1. CR companion report, RCT randomised controlled trial