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Table 2 NIH-funded policy D&I research projects by study characteristics, federal fiscal years 2007–2014

From: A review of policy dissemination and implementation research funded by the National Institutes of Health, 2007–2014

Study characteristics Number of policy D&I projects (%)a
(N = 12)
Domain of policy research  
 Outcome 8 (66.7 %)
 Process 5 (41.7 %)
 Content 1 (8.3 %)
Type of policy  
 Public (e.g., laws, regulations) 6 (50.0 %)
 Heath care financing/reimbursement 3 (25.0 %)
 Workplace 2 (16.7 %)
 Clinical practice 1 (8.3 %)
Level of policy  
 State 5 (41.7 %)
 Local 3 (25.0 %)
 Organization 3 (25.0 %)
 National 1 (8.3 %)
Region of research focus  
 USA 10 (83.3 %)
 Outside of USA 2 (16.7 %)
Health issue  
 Tobacco 4 (33.3 %)
 Cancer 3 (25.0 %)
 Drug abuse 2 (16.7 %)
 Mental health 2 (16.7 %)
 Child welfare 2 (16.7 %)
Implementation science objectives  
 Implementation 5 (41.7 %)
 Dissemination 4 (33.3 %)
 Adoption 2 (16.7 %)
 Sustainability 1 (8.3 %)
Study design  
 Quasi-experimental 5 (41.7 %)
 Non-experimental 4 (33.3 %)
 Experimental 3 (25.0 %)
Methods used  
 Quantitative, surveys 7 (58.3 %)
 Qualitative, interviews 4 (33.3 %)
 Quantitative, medical record review 3 (25.0 %)
 Content analysis, document analysis 3 (25.0 %)
 Qualitative, focus groups 1 (8.3 %)
 Quantitative, agent-based modeling 1 (8.3 %)
 Content analysis, media analysis 1 (8.3 %)
Data source  
Policymakers 3 (25.0 %)
Policy documents 3 (25.0 %)
Healthcare providers 3 (25.0 %)
Administrative documents 3 (25.0 %)
Medical records 3 (25.0 %)
Community stakeholders 2 (16.7 %)
Media coverage 1 (8.3 %)
Unknown 1 (8.3 %)
  1. NIH National Institutes of Health, D&I dissemination and implementation
  2. aSome percentages exceed 100 because categories were not mutually exclusive