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Table 2 Results of meta-analyses

From: What is the effectiveness of printed educational materials on primary care physician knowledge, behaviour, and patient outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analyses

Outcome Number of studies Summary statistic Confidence interval I 2 statistic (%)
RR = relative risk
SMD = standard mean difference
Patient outcomes
 Dichotomous patient outcomes 5 RR = 1.00 1.00–1.00 0
 Dichotomous patient outcomes (sensitivity analysis with Shah 2014 removed) 4 RR = 1.09 0.91–1.29 0
Physician behaviour outcomes
 Continuous physician behaviour outcomes (N = physicians) 4 SMD = 0.35 −0.06–0.76 67.88
 Continuous physician behaviour outcomes (N = patients) 3 SMD = 0.27 −0.03–0.57 68.74
 Dichotomous physician behaviour outcomes (N = physicians) 3 RR = 1.01 0.96–1.07 0
 Dichotomous physician behaviour outcomes (N = patients) 9 RR = 0.99 0.97–1.01 0
 Dichotomous physician behaviour outcomes (PEM vs. workshop) 2 RR = 0.57 0.12–2.73 64.48
Physician cognition outcomes
 Continuous physician cognition outcomes 3 SMD = 0.65 −0.21–1.51 89.75
 Dichotomous cognition outcomes 3 RR = 1.51 0.90–2.52 90.27