Patient outcomes

Dichotomous patient outcomes

5

RR = 1.00

1.00–1.00

0

Dichotomous patient outcomes (sensitivity analysis with Shah 2014 removed)

4

RR = 1.09

0.91–1.29

0

Physician behaviour outcomes

Continuous physician behaviour outcomes (N = physicians)

4

SMD = 0.35

−0.06–0.76

67.88

Continuous physician behaviour outcomes (N = patients)

3

SMD = 0.27

−0.03–0.57

68.74

Dichotomous physician behaviour outcomes (N = physicians)

3

RR = 1.01

0.96–1.07

0

Dichotomous physician behaviour outcomes (N = patients)

9

RR = 0.99

0.97–1.01

0

Dichotomous physician behaviour outcomes (PEM vs. workshop)

2

RR = 0.57

0.12–2.73

64.48

Physician cognition outcomes

Continuous physician cognition outcomes

3

SMD = 0.65

−0.21–1.51

89.75

Dichotomous cognition outcomes

3

RR = 1.51

0.90–2.52

90.27
