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Table 3 Examples of eligible studies for Cochrane systematic review of methods to assess equity

From: Protocol for the development of a CONSORT-equity guideline to improve reporting of health equity in randomized trials

1. Recruitment methods to engage disadvantaged populations in trials
• Study of the effect of incentive payments in 5 RCTs on recruitment of ethnic minorities [65]
2. Reporting population characteristics
• Study of 100 RCTs in four leading medical journals assessed for reporting of sociodemographic characteristics in “Table 1” [19]
3. Subgroup analyses
• Study of 169 cardiovascular RCTs for quality of reporting and conducting sex/gender subgroup analyses [66]
4. Applicability of evidence
• Study of reasons for exclusion of participants from RCTs and effects on applicability decisions [39]