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Table 3 Funded research projects, behaviour change targets and planned interventions. Restrictions; Education; Persuasion; Incentivisation; Coercion; Training; Enablement; Modelling; Environmental restructuring. Guidelines; Environment/social planning; Communication/marketing; Legislation; Service provision; Regulation; Fiscal measures. “Partially” encompasses categories where some elements of a particular intervention characteristic are present, but it was not the dominant feature

From: Behaviour change strategies for reducing blood pressure-related disease burden: findings from a global implementation research programme

Project code (team no) Funding agency Target countries/regions Target behaviour change Intervention Intervention function Policy categories
Interventions involving mobile health technologies
IND 7 NHMRC India-Andhra Pradesh Improved BP control amongst people at high cardiovascular disease risk A primary health care mHealth system for use by NPHWs and government primary health care centre doctors • Education • Guidelines
• Persuasion • Communication/ marketing (partially)
• Incentivisation • Service provision (partially)
• Training
• Enablement
• Environmental restructuring
TZA 3/CAN 3 CIHR, GCC, IDRC, and CSN Tanzania/Canada Improved HT control through improved screening, lifestyle changes and medication use Primary health care intervention involving linkage of primary health care workers and patients via a short message system (SMS) mHealth system, combined with contextually and culturally specific training programmes for health care workers in the two settings • Education • Guidelines
  • Training • Environment/social planning
• Persuasion (partially) • Communication/marketing
• Incentivisation (partially) • Legislation (partially)
• Enablement (partially) • Service provision (partially)
• Environmental restructuring (partially) • Regulation (partially)
COL/MYS 2 CIHR, GCC, IDRC, and CSN Colombia/Malaysia Improved BP control through improved screening, lifestyle changes and medication use Primary health care programme for cardiovascular disease risk assessment, treatment and control involving: (1) simplified algorithms implemented by NPHWs and supported by e-health technologies; (2) initiation of evidence based medications; (3) treatment supports to optimise long-term medication and lifestyle adherence; and (4) macro-policy initiatives to support sustainability • Education • Guidelines
• Persuasion • Environment/social planning
• Training
• Enablement • Communication/marketing
• Service provision
• Legislation (partially)
KEN 13 NIH (NHLBI) Kenya Linking and retaining hypertensive individuals to hypertensive care A behavioural communication strategy and use of mHealth tools to improve linkage into health care and optimal BP control • Education • Guidelines
• Persuasion • Communication/marketing
• Training • Service provision
• Enablement
• Environmental restructuring
• Incentivisation (partially)
ARG 14 NIH (NHLBI) Argentina Improved BP control amongst hypertensive subjects via improved medication adherence, home monitoring and a lifestyle modification programme Primary health care intervention comprising provider education, a home-based lifestyle and BP monitoring consultation for patients and their families delivered by NPHWs and a mHealth intervention • Education • Guidelines
• Persuasion • Service provision
• Incentivisation
• Training
• Enablement
• Environmental restructuring
Innovative health care delivery strategies
NGA 15 NIH (NINDS) Nigeria Empowering patients who have had a stroke to improve their adherence to medicines and recommended health care visits A new model of care comprising a stroke patient report card, SMS messages from care providers, and in-clinic educational video sessions • Education • Guidelines
• Persuasion • Communication/marketing
ZAF 1 CIHR, GCC, IDRC, and CSN South Africa—Western Cape/Uganda Improved control of BP amongst people with HIV N/A (Observational study) N/A N/A
UGA 1
ZAF 5 MRC South Africa-Mpumalanga Changing clinic systems and behaviour of health professionals in the clinic Primary health care intervention in which a clinic based lay health worker will support outreach teams to improve access and quality of care for patients with elevated BP • Education • Service provision
• Training
• Enablement
• Environmental restructuring
• Persuasion (partially)
IND 6 NHMRC India-3 rural regions Improved control of BP amongst rural-dwelling people with hypertension Peer group based support incorporating monitoring and education, and a non-physician health care facilitator. Health system and workforce strengthening. • Education • Guidelines
• Persuasion • Environment/social planning
• Incentivisation • Communication/marketing
• Training • Service provision
• Enablement • Guidelines (partially)
• Modelling
• Environmental
• restructuring
IND 8 NHMRC India/Sri Lanka-fixed dose combination BP-lowering pill Improve prescriber and patient uptake of BP-lowering medication Outpatient clinic trial of a low dose 3-in-1 low cost BP-lowering pill compared with usual treatment regimes. 700 patients will be randomised to treatment with a triple low dose BP-lowering medication or routine management of hypertension according to usual practice. Primary outcome is proportion reaching target at 6 months. • Enablement
• Environmental restructuring
GHA 12 NIH (NHLBI) Ghana Improved BP control amongst patients with uncontrolled hypertension who receive care in community-based primary care practices Comparative effectiveness study of an World Health Organisation package of interventions involving task-shifting to Community Health Nurses versus provision of health insurance coverage • Education • Guidelines
• Persuasion • Environment/social planning
• Incentivisation • Communication/marketing
• Training • Service provision
• Enablement • Regulation
• Modelling
• Environmental restructuring
Salt reduction strategies
IND 9 NHMRC India—national Reduction in dietary intake of salt and reduction of salt levels in foods and meals through the development of local and national policies for salt reduction N/A (Observational study) N/A • Guidelines
• Communication/marketing
FJI/ WSM 10 NHMRC Pacific Islands Reduce salt use Multi-pronged cross sectoral programmes targeting community-wide salt reduction • Education • Guidelines
• Training • Communication/marketing
• Environmental restructuring • Regulation
CHN 4 MRC China Lowered salt intake in children and their families A school-based education programme to reduce salt intake in children and their families • Restrictions • Guidelines
• Education • Environment/social planning
• Persuasion • Communication /marketing
• Incentivisation • Service provision (partially)
• Training
• Enablement
• Modelling
• Environmental restructuring
PER 11 NIH (NHLBI) Peru Replacing common salt for a potassium-enriched salt (substitute); incorporating and consuming the salt substitute in the usual diet A community-wide salt substitution programme involving community, community kitchens, and food suppliers • Education • Communication/marketing
• Persuasion
• Incentivisation
• Training
• Enablement
• Modelling
• Environmental restructuring
• Restrictions (partially)