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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of participating ICUs and included shifts in the InFoQI program

From: A multifaceted feedback strategy alone does not improve the adherence to organizational guideline-based standards: a cluster randomized trial in intensive care

  Intervention Control
ICU level characteristics
 Number included in analysis 13 11
 Academic or teaching hospital 9 5
 Cardiac surgery center 2 2
 Emergency bed available 8 8
 Participated in indicator pilot study 5 3
Shift level characteristics
 Number included in analysis   
  Bed occupancy rate 18,063 15,519
  Nurse-to-patient ratio 18,061 15,594
 Number of operational bedsa 13.6 (8.1) 12.98 (7.7)
 Bed occupancy ratea 75.6 (2.0) 79.5 (2.2)
 Percentage of shifts adhering to standard for bed occupancy rateb 50 % 43 %
 Number of qualified nursesa 7.1 (4.5) 6.6 (5.5)
 Nurse-to-patient ratioa 0.72 (0.3) 0.69 (0.3)
 Percentage of shifts adhering to standard for nurse-to-patient ratio 76 % 74 %
  1. ICU intensive care unit, QI quality improvement
  2. aValues are mean (standard deviation) of day, evening, and night shifts together
  3. bExpressed as the proportion of shifts with bed occupancy rate below 80 %
  4. cExpressed as the proportion of shifts with nurse-to-patient ratio above 0.5