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Table 4 Mixed-effects models assessing the association between teacher’s pattern of implementation and students’ outcomes

From: Factors influencing implementation dose and fidelity thereof and related student outcomes of an evidence-based national HIV prevention program

Variables Estimated models
HIV/AIDS knowledge Preventive reproductive health skills Self-efficacy Intention to use protection
  β SE t β SE t β SE t β SE t
Fixed effect             
Intercept 8.557 0.617 13.87*** 3.046 0.334 9.11*** 1.013 0.282 3.59*** 2.794 0.484 5.77***
Age 0.041 0.051 0.79 0.029 0.029 0.99 0.164 0.025 6.68*** −0.021 0.042 −0.49
Gender             
Male −0.051 0.078 −0.66 0.147 0.043 3.41*** 0.553 0.037 14.87*** 0.529 0.062 8.60***
Female (ref)             
Baseline student outcome 0.019 0.016 1.21 0.017 0.017 1.03 −0.036 0.018 −2.02* 0.016 0.018 0.90
Teacher’s clusters             
High Implementation Group 1.236 0.264 4.68*** 0.489 0.103 4.76*** 0.198 0.099 2.00* 0.400 0.169 2.37*
Moderate Implementation Group 0.752 0.252 2.98** 0.245 0.098 2.50* 0.157 0.094 1.67 0.335 0.161 2.08*
Low Implementation Group             
Random effect             
Schoola - -   0.007 0.011 0.65 0.049 0.016 3.07** 0.048 0.032 1.48
Class (nested within school)a 0.936 0.130 7.18*** 0.082 0.020 4.14*** 0.037 0.012 3.10*** 0.219 0.047 4.69***
  1. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001. az test.