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Table 4 Fields from which instruments originated

From: The Society for Implementation Research Collaboration Instrument Review Project: A methodology to promote rigorous evaluation

Domain Construct Education Psychology IT Public health Medicine Organizational
Implementation outcomes Acceptability 8 (18.61%) 29 (67.44%) 1 (2.33%) 3 (6.98%) 2 (4.65%) 0 (0.00%)
Adoption 5 (33.33%) 5 (33.33%) 1 (6.67%) 3 (20.00%) 1 (6.67%) 0 (0.00%)
Appropriateness 0 (0.00%) 3 (60.00%) 1 (20.00%) 1 (20.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%)
  Feasibility 1 (9.09%) 7 (63.64%) 0 (0.00%) 3 (27.27%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%)
  Penetration 0 (0.00%) 2 (40.00%) 0 (0.00%) 3 (60.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%)
  Sustainability 0 (0.00%) 1(20.00%) 0 (0.00%) 4 (80.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%)
Intervention characteristics Adaptability 0 (0.00%) 1 (100.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%)
Complexity 0 (0.00%) 1 (25.00%) 1 (25.00%) 2 (50.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%)
  Design quality and packaging 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%)
  Evidence strength and quality 0 (0.00%) 3 (75.00%) 0 (0.00%) 1 (25.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%)
  Intervention source 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%)
  Relative advantage 0 (0.00%) 2 (40.00%) 1 (20.00%) 2 (40.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%)
  Trialability 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 1 (33.33%) 2 (66.67%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%)
Outer setting Cosmopolitanism 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 1 (100.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%)
  External policy and incentives 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%)
  Patient needs and resources 0 (0.00%) 2 (66.67%) 0 (0.00%) 1 (33.33%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%)
  Peer pressure 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%)
Inner setting Combined 0 (0.00%) 1 (20.00%) 0 (0.00%) 4 (80.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%)
  Culture 0 (0.00%) 1 (50.00%) 0 (0.00%) 1 (50.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%)
  Implementation climate 0 (0.00%) 3 (23.08%) 1 (7.69%) 2 (15.39%) 1 (7.69%) 6 (46.15%)
    IC: tension for change 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%)
    IC: compatibility 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 1 (100.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%)
    IC: relative priority 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 1 (100.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%)
    IC: organizational incentives and rewards 0 (0.00%) 1 (33.33%) 1 (33.33%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 1 (33.33%)
    IC: goals and feedback 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%)
    IC: learning climate 0 (0.00%) 3 (21.43%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 11 (78.57%)
  Networks and communications 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 10 (100.00%)
  Readiness for implementation 1 (8.33%) 1 (8.33%) 0 (0.00%) 1 (8.33%) 5 (41.67%) 4 (34.33%)
    RI: leadership engagement 0 (0.00%) 2 (100.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%)
    RI: available resources 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 1 (100.00%)
    RI: access to knowledge and information 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 1 (100.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%)
  Structural characteristics 0 (0.00%) 1 (100.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%)
Characteristics of individuals Knowledge and beliefs about the intervention 1 (2.00%) 38 (76.00%) 1 (2.00%) 0 (0.00%) 6 (12.00%) 4 (8.00%)
  Individual stage of change 0 (0.00%) 4 (80.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 1 (20.00%)
  Individual identification with the organization 2 (40.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 1 (20.00%) 1 (20.00%) 1 (20.00%)
  Other personal attributes 0 (0.00%) 11 (42.31%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 9 (34.62%) 6 (23.08%)
  Self-efficacy 0 (0.00%) 4 (100.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%)
Process Engaging 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%)
    Engaging: opinion leaders 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%)
    Engaging: formally appointed internal implementation leaders 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%)
    Engaging: champions 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%)
    Engaging: external change agents 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 1 (100.00%) 0 (0.00%)
  Executing 0 (0.00%) 1 (100.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%)
  Planning 0 (0.00%) 5 (25.00%) 0 (0.00%) 5 (25.00%) 2 (10.00%) 8 (40.00%)
  Reflecting and evaluating 2 (14.29%) 11 (78.57%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 1 (7.14%) 0 (0.00%)
Client outcomes Satisfaction 1 (10.00%) 2 (20.00%) 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) 4 (40.00%) 3 (30.00%)
M # of instruments across constructs   0.46 3.91 0.24 0.89 0.72 1.22
  1. Fifty-eight instruments did not have an identifiable field of origin. “Psychology” includes clinical, counseling, community, school, sports, social, developmental, and forensic. “Medicine” includes psychiatry, VA, nursing, and pediatrics. “Organizational” includes workplace and business. Public health also includes government agency.