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Table 5 Effect of specificity and enactment of GPs’ plan on asking about smoking (patient-reported) among the three subgroups of patients who consulted 1) a pre-intender GP, 2) an intender GP, and 3) an actor GP a,b

From: Use of action planning to increase provision of smoking cessation care by general practitioners: role of plan specificity and enactment

  GP pre-intender (n  = 393) GP intender (n  = 2,211) GP actor (n  = 797)
  Prentotal (% asked) Postntotal (% asked) Time × group OR (95% CI) Prentotal (% asked) Postntotal (% asked) Time × group OR (95% CI) Prentotal (% asked) Postntotal (% asked) Time × group OR (95% CI)
Plan specificity          
High 86 (20.9%) 32 (68.8%) 8.26 (2.26–27.39)* 416 (31.0%) 274 (44.9%) 1.93 (1.49–2.50)** 229 (27.1%) 131 (20.6%) 0.82 (0.48–1.40)
Low 9 (33.3%) 0 (00.0%) c 163 (33.1%) 144 (47.9%) 2.03 (1.38–2.99)** 99 (47.5%) 49 (16.3%) 0.19 (0.08–0.46)**
Control group 182 (15.4%) 84 (10.7%) 1 719 (40.1%) 495 (40.8%) 1 165 (40.6%) 124 (32.3%) 1
Plan enactment          
High 49 (28.6%) 21 (90.5%) 46.84 (6.8–324.9)** 256 (35.9%) 235 (57.0%) 2.80 (2.02–3.89)** 154 (64.3%) 58 (72.4%) 0.69 (0.36–1.32)
Low 46 (15.2%) 11 (27.3%) 1.49 (0.35–6.38) 323 (65.0%) 183 (61.2%) 1.10 (0.77–1.58) 174 (59.2%) 122 (80.3%) 0.43 (0.25–0.74)*
Control group 182 (10.0%) 84 (10.7%) 1 719 (51.3%) 495 (54.9%) 1 165 (55.5%) 124 (66.9%) 1
PS × PE          
High × high 40 (27.5%) 21 (90.5%) 66.45 (6.65–661.7)** 204 (38.2%) 166 (59.0%) 9.78 (3.90–24.53)** 115 (36.5%) 34 (29.4%) 37.82 (8.95–159.9)**
Low × high 9 (33.3%) 0 (0.00%) c 52 (26.9%) 69 (52.2%) 4.78 (2.04–11.19)** 39 (17.9%) 24 (16.7%) 1.32 (0.31–5.58)
High × low 46 (15.2%) 11 (27.3%) 1.94 (0.32–11.77) 212 (24.1%) 108 (23.2%) 1.09 (0.58–2.03) 114 (17.5%) 97 (17.5%) 2.04 (0.83–5.02)
Low × low 0 (0.00%) 0 (0.00%) c 111 (36.0%) 75 (44.0%) 1.60 (0.80–3.20) 60 (66.7%) 25 (16.0%) 0.14* (0.04–0.54)
Control group 182 (15.4%) 84 (10.7%) 1 719 (44.1%) 495 (41.1%) 1 165 (40.6%) 124 (32.3%) 1
  1. GPs general practitioners, PS plan specificity, PE plan enactment, OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval.
  2. aIncludes all patients, both smokers and non-smokers (n = 3,401).
  3. bGeneralised estimating equations adjusted for clustering and patient characteristics.
  4. cAnalyses not possible due to the sparseness of data.
  5. *p < 0.01, **p < 0.001.