Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of study sites and patients

From: Enhancing outreach for persons with serious mental illness: 12-month results from a cluster randomized trial of an adaptive implementation strategy

  All Sites (N  = 158) Initially responsive sites (N  = 69)a Initially non-responsive sites (N  = 89)
    Overall (N  = 89 sites) Randomized to Enhanced REP (N  = 40 sites) Randomized to Standard REP (N  = 49 sites)
Site characteristics      
 Region N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%)
 Northeast 41 (25.95) 19 (27.54) 22 (24.72) 12 (30.00) 10 (20.41)
 Midwest 38 (24.05) 15 (21.74) 23 (25.84) 13 (32.50) 10 (20.41)
 South 45 (28.48) 23 (33.33) 22 (24.72) 8 (20.00) 14 (28.57)
 West 34 (21.52) 12 (17.39) 22 (24.72) 7 (17.50) 15 (30.61)
 Site provides outpatient care only 19 (12.03) 9 (13.04) 10 (11.24) 4 (10.00) 6 (12.24)
 Mean total number of patients at site as of fiscal year 2012 40,858 (21,346) 41,943 (22,867) 40,016 (20,179) 41,427 (18,216) 38,865 (21,770)
 Mean number of patients diagnosed with serious mental illness lost to care on site list 17 (6) 17 (6) 17 (7) 17 (6) 17 (7)
Patient characteristics N= 5,047 patients N= 1,972 patients N= 3,075 patients N= 1,543 patients N= 1,532 patients
  N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%)
 Male 4,550 (90.2) 1,768 (89.7) 2,782 (90.5) 1,405 (91.1) 1,377 (89.9)
 Black 886 (17.6) 322 (16.3) 564 (18.3) 329 (21.3) 235 (15.3)*
 Married 1,363 (27.0) 548 (27.8) 815 (26.5) 405 (26.3) 410 (26.8)
 Service Connected 1,422 (28.2) 561 (28.5) 861 (28.0) 424 (27.5) 437 (28.5)
 Homeless 650 (12.9) 227 (11.5) 423 (13.8) 229 (14.8) 194 (12.7)
 Schizophrenia Diagnosis 2,017 (39.9) 739 (37.5) 1,278 (41.6)* 683 (44.3) 595 (38.8)*
 Last encounter at Site was inpatient 247 (4.9) 109 (5.5) 138 (4.5) 69 (4.5) 69 (4.5)
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
 Age, mean (SD) 55.1 (14.3) 54.4 (14.3) 55.5 (14.4)* 55.5 (14.1) 55.6 (14.6)
 Number of comorbidities, mean (SD) 1.4 (1.7) 1.5 (1.7) 1.4 (1.6) 1.4 (1.6) 1.5 (1.7)
  1. aNon-responsive sites were defined as <80% of patients at the site with an updated documentation of current status; Responsive sites had ≥80% documentation of current status, as of March 2012.
  2. *P value < 0.05 based on Rao-Scott chi-square test for categorical variables and two-tailed t test for continuous variables.