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Table 1 TPB constructs and behaviour change techniques

From: Effective Feedback to Improve Primary Care Prescribing Safety (EFIPPS) a pragmatic three-arm cluster randomised trial: designing the intervention (ClinicalTrials.gov registration NCT01602705)

Psychology construct Level of evidence based on expert opinion (Michie[17])
Agreed use Uncertain
Attitude (beliefs about consequences) •Self-monitoring Monitoring
Persuasive communication •Graded task
Information regarding behaviour/outcome Modelling/demonstration of behaviour
Feedback
Subjective norms (social influences) Social processes of encouragement, pressure, support Monitoring
Modelling/demonstration of behaviours Reward/incentives
•Role play
•Persuasive communication
•Homework
Perceived behavioural control (beliefs about capabilities and environmental context and resources) •Self-Monitoring Monitoring
Graded task Reward/incentives
Increasing skills, problem solving, goal setting •Stress management
•Coping skills Information regarding behaviour/outcome
•Rehearsal of relevant skills •Personalised message
Social processes of encouragement
Feedback
•Self-talk
Environmental changes, e.g. objects to facilitate behaviour
Action planning (action planning) Goal target specified Monitoring
•Contract •Social processes of encouragement
Planning/implementation •Personalised message
Prompts, triggers, cues •Homework
•Use of imagery Feedback
•Self-talk
  1. Marked in italics demonstrates techniques already incorporated into feedback for both intervention arms two and three.
  2. Marked in bold demonstrates techniques selected and implemented in the psychology-informed intervention.