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Table 1 TPB constructs and behaviour change techniques

From: Effective Feedback to Improve Primary Care Prescribing Safety (EFIPPS) a pragmatic three-arm cluster randomised trial: designing the intervention ( registration NCT01602705)

Psychology construct Level of evidence based on expert opinion (Michie[17])
Agreed use Uncertain
Attitude (beliefs about consequences) •Self-monitoring Monitoring
Persuasive communication •Graded task
Information regarding behaviour/outcome Modelling/demonstration of behaviour
Subjective norms (social influences) Social processes of encouragement, pressure, support Monitoring
Modelling/demonstration of behaviours Reward/incentives
•Role play
•Persuasive communication
Perceived behavioural control (beliefs about capabilities and environmental context and resources) •Self-Monitoring Monitoring
Graded task Reward/incentives
Increasing skills, problem solving, goal setting •Stress management
•Coping skills Information regarding behaviour/outcome
•Rehearsal of relevant skills •Personalised message
Social processes of encouragement
Environmental changes, e.g. objects to facilitate behaviour
Action planning (action planning) Goal target specified Monitoring
•Contract •Social processes of encouragement
Planning/implementation •Personalised message
Prompts, triggers, cues •Homework
•Use of imagery Feedback
  1. Marked in italics demonstrates techniques already incorporated into feedback for both intervention arms two and three.
  2. Marked in bold demonstrates techniques selected and implemented in the psychology-informed intervention.