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Table 1 TPB constructs and behaviour change techniques

From: Effective Feedback to Improve Primary Care Prescribing Safety (EFIPPS) a pragmatic three-arm cluster randomised trial: designing the intervention (ClinicalTrials.gov registration NCT01602705)

Psychology construct

Level of evidence based on expert opinion (Michie[17])

Agreed use

Uncertain

Attitude (beliefs about consequences)

•Self-monitoring

Monitoring

Persuasive communication

•Graded task

Information regarding behaviour/outcome

Modelling/demonstration of behaviour

Feedback

Subjective norms (social influences)

Social processes of encouragement, pressure, support

Monitoring

Modelling/demonstration of behaviours

Reward/incentives

•Role play

•Persuasive communication

•Homework

Perceived behavioural control (beliefs about capabilities and environmental context and resources)

•Self-Monitoring

Monitoring

Graded task

Reward/incentives

Increasing skills, problem solving, goal setting

•Stress management

•Coping skills

Information regarding behaviour/outcome

•Rehearsal of relevant skills

•Personalised message

Social processes of encouragement

Feedback

•Self-talk

Environmental changes, e.g. objects to facilitate behaviour

Action planning (action planning)

Goal target specified

Monitoring

•Contract

•Social processes of encouragement

Planning/implementation

•Personalised message

Prompts, triggers, cues

•Homework

•Use of imagery

Feedback

•Self-talk

  1. Marked in italics demonstrates techniques already incorporated into feedback for both intervention arms two and three.
  2. Marked in bold demonstrates techniques selected and implemented in the psychology-informed intervention.