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Table 2 Summary of mentorship studies identified in business and social science literature

From: Exploring mentorship as a strategy to build capacity for knowledge translation research and practice: a scoping systematic review

Study Research design (Quality) Mentoring goal (improved or achieved) Mentoring program design
Formal program Individual or group Senior mentor Entry criteria Mentor training Dyad matching Activities Duration/Timing
Elinger [51] Survey Self-reported overall job performance (yes) No Yes No No No
2011/USA (10/11)
Wheeler [59] Mixed Company reported sales performance (yes) No Yes No No No
2011/UK (9/11)
Kwan [52] Survey Self-reported overall job performance (yes) Yes Individual Yes No No No
2010/China (11/11)
Powell [60] RCT (low risk of bias) Teaching skills (yes, no difference between remote and on-site) Yes Both Yes No Yes No 2 day workshop, site visits 7 visits over 15 weeks, 90 min observation, 30 min discussion
2010/USA
Agarwal [53] Survey Self-reported overall job performance (yes) Yes Both Yes Yes Yes No
2009/USA (10/11)
Bernal [63] Mixed Research skills (yes) Yes Individual Yes Consultation as needed 2 years
2009/Puerto Rico (7/11)
Fischer [54] Mixed Self-reported overall job performance (yes) Yes Individual Yes No Yes No Mentor-mentee discretion 4 hours/month for 6 months
2009/USA (10/11)
Levenson [55] Mixed Self-reported overall job performance (no) Yes Yes No No Yes
2009/USA (8/11)
Yost [61] Mixed Teaching skills (yes) Yes Individual Yes Yes Yes No Workshop, site visits 3 visits/year, 45 min observation then discussion
2009/UK (10/11)
Byrne [56] Survey Self-reported overall job performance (yes) Yes Yes No No No
2008/USA (11/11)
Stead [57] Mixed Self-reported overall job performance (yes) Yes Both Yes No Yes Yes Workshops, meetings Every 4 to 6 weeks over 9 months
2005/UK (8/11)
Browne-Ferrigno Mixed Teaching skills (yes) Yes Individual No (peer) Meetings 4 hours once per week over 8 months
[62] 2004/USA (7/11)
Wales [58] Mixed Self-reported overall job performance (yes) Yes Individual Yes No Yes Yes Meetings 1 hour every 2 weeks over 1 year
2002/UK (8/11)