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Table 4 How names were used to label or describe various types of documents in the sample

From: Towards a better understanding of the nomenclature used in information-packaging efforts to support evidence-informed policymaking in low- and middle-income countries

Content of sampled documents Number of sampled documents with this content area (%) Number of names used to label or describe documents within content areas Names used to label or describe document types (times used)*
1. Essays, background papers or commentary about a specific topic (draws on evidence but not prepared as a literature review on the topic) 29 (27%) 10 Policy brief/briefing (8)
Issue brief (5)
Knowledge summary (5)
Spotlight (5)
Brief/Briefing (3)
Evidence matters (2)
Technical brief for policy-makers (2)
Impact evaluation (1)
Technical brief (1)
Project briefing (1)
2. Synthesis that starts with a priority policy issue in a specific jurisdiction, and then draws on a range of research evidence (prioritizing systematic reviews) to inform the problem underlying the issue, options for addressing it and implementation considerations (e.g., overview of reviews) 20 (18%) 5 Policy brief (10)
Evidence brief (6)
Issue brief (5)
Evidence-based policy brief (4)
Evidence brief for policy (1)
3. Formal literature review of what is known about a particular policy domain (draws on different types of evidence that was systematically identified, selected and appraised) 18 (17%) 7 Policy brief (15)
Briefing paper (1)
Briefing/brief (3)
Domain briefing (1)
Enduring questions brief (1)
Study findings and recommendations (1)
Technical brief (1)
4. Summary of a research synthesis that answers a single question (i.e., summary of a systematic review) 18 (17%) 7 Commentary (5)
SUPPORT summary/Summary (5)
Systematic review (5)
Evidence matters (2)
Policy brief (2)
Briefing (1)
Briefing note (1)
5. Summary or lessons learned from a particular program or policy in a specific context (including the results of M&E) 14 (13%) 9 Policy brief (5)
Legacy series (5)
Briefing/brief (4)
Technical brief for policy-makers (3)
Research brief (2)
Briefing sheet (1)
Briefing paper (1)
Evidence in Brief (1)
Impact evaluation (1)
6. Opinion pieces and organizational position statements (does not draw on research evidence systematically) 11 (10%) 7 Briefing paper (5)
Legacy series (5)
Brief (4)
Response (4)
Policy brief (1)
Evidence in brief (1)
Technical brief (1)
7. Integration of lessons learned from particular programs or policies in specific contexts with relevant literature 3 (3%) 2 Technical brief (2) Policy brief (1)
8. Summary of a single study (or related single studies) 1 (1%) 1 Policy brief (1)
  1. *It is important to note that one document could have used more than one name so that the total number of names used to label or describe documents in not mutually exclusive and may be higher than the total number of sampled documents in each content area (column 2). For example, in the first row, while 29 of the sampled documents corresponded to this type of content, 33 names were used to describe or label them.