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Table 6 Key barriers, implemented interventions, and associated behavior change techniques

From: The demonstration of a theory-based approach to the design of localized patient safety interventions

Key barriers Implemented interventions Behavior change techniques
Social influences • Screensaver implemented with key messages targeting social influences Credible source; Information about health consequences, and social/ environmental consequences; Prompts/cues; Social processes of encouragement, pressure, and support; Provide information about others approval
• Awareness day/ awareness week*
Emotion • Screensaver implemented with key messages targeting emotion Anticipated regret; Salience of consequences; Framing/reframing
• Posters implemented with key messages targeting emotion
Environmental context and resources • New documentation released (care pathway for NG tubes) Prompts/cues; Adding objects to the environment
• Radiology and wards systems change initiated^
• Enteral feeding nurse employed*
Skills and Beliefs about Capabilities • Faculty, nurse, and FY1 training with practical elements** Instruction on how to perform a behavior; Behavioral practice/rehearsal; Increasing skills; Modelling; Social processes of support; Information about health consequences; Credible source
• E-learning package** (*with video modelling procedure)
  • Awareness day/week* (also covers social influences)  
  1. *Only implemented as part of the intervention in H2; ** H3 did not have the resource to provide this intervention; ^ = H2 chose not to implement this strategy.