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Table 3 Descriptive statistics and MANOVA results for barriers across each hospital

From: The demonstration of a theory-based approach to the design of localized patient safety interventions

Barrier Mean (SD) H1 Mean (SD) H2 Mean (SD) H3 Mean (SD) all hospitals
  n = 99 n =105 n =23 n = 227
Knowledge 2.02 (0.70) 2.33 (0.75) 2.08 (0.76) 2.17 (0.74)**
Skills 2.37 (0.79) 2.64 (0.72) 2.74 (0.87) 2.53 (0.78)**
Social and professional identity 2.04 (0.73) 1.96 (0.64) 2.16 (0.79) 2.01 (0.69)
Beliefs about capabilities 2.44 (0.77) 2.55 (0.83) 2.52 (0.97) 2.50 (0.81)
Beliefs about consequences 2.35 (0.70) 2.38 (0.70) 2.39 (0.48) 2.37 (0.68)
Motivation and goals 2.40 (0.66) 2.40 (0.60) 2.65 (0.69) 2.42 (0.64)
Cognitive processes, memory and decision making 2.36 (0.68) 2.47 (0.74) 2.19 (0.67) 2.39 (0.71)
Environmental context and resources 2.55 (0.85) 2.69 (0.69) 2.68 (0.62 2.63 (0.76)
Social influences 2.84 (0.76) 2.89 (0.73) 2.71 (0.75) 2.85 (0.74)
Emotion 2.41 (0.65) 2.75 (0.55) 2.35 (0.62) 2.56 (0.63)*
Action Planning 2.32 (0.66) 2.38 (0.62) 2.42 (0.54) 2.36 (0.63)
  1. *p < 0.01; **p < 0.05 for MANOVA results of differences between reported barriers in each hospital.
  2. NB: Mean scores for individual hospitals were computed following initial reliability analysis on each dataset; mean scores were taken from analysis for the combined data set following missing values analysis (prior to confirmatory factor analysis, results of which are reported in [43].