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Table 2 Barriers to evidence-based practice (EBP) implementation

From: Implementation of evidence-based practice across medical, nursing, pharmacological and allied healthcare professionals: a questionnaire survey in nationwide hospital settings

Lack of – N (%) All Physician Nurse Pharmacist Physical therapist Technician Other p - value
N = 5,038 N = 614 N = 3,354 N = 401 N = 149 N = 382 N = 138
Personal         
   Time, due to a heavy clinical load 2,714 (53.9) 253 (41.2) 1,859 (55.4) 233 (58.1) 90 (60.4) 207 (54.2) 72 (52.2) <0.001
   Basic knowledge 2,461 (48.8) 175 (28.5) 1,798 (53.6) 186 (46.4) 65 (43.6) 183 (47.9) 54 (39.1) <0.001
   Skills in critical appraisal 2,437 (48.4) 227 (37.0) 1,692 (50.4) 235 (58.6) 58 (38.9) 162 (42.4) 63 (45.7) <0.001
   Skills in literature searching 2,150 (42.7) 178 (29.0) 1,519 (45.3) 193 (48.1) 54 (36.2) 150 (39.3) 56 (40.6) <0.001
   Clinical incorporation 1,543 (30.6) 132 (21.5) 1,111 (33.1) 124 (30.9) 32 (21.5) 106 (27.7) 38 (27.5) <0.001
Environmental         
   Convenient application kits 2,905 (57.7) 312 (50.8) 1,916 (57.1) 256 (63.8) 97 (65.1) 244 (63.9) 80 (58.0) <0.001
   Library resources in Chinese 2,646 (52.5) 328 (53.4) 1,690 (50.4) 243 (60.6) 91 (61.1) 209 (54.7) 85 (61.6) <0.001
   Capable designated personnel 2,330 (46.2) 202 (32.9) 1,619 (48.3) 191 (47.6) 69 (46.3) 189 (49.5) 60 (43.5) <0.001
   Space for access to EBP resources 2,243 (44.5) 234 (38.1) 1,476 (44.0) 199 (49.6) 93 (62.4) 190 (49.7) 51 (37.0) <0.001
   Library resources 1,956 (38.8) 177 (28.8) 1,373 (40.9) 140 (34.9) 53 (35.6) 157 (41.1) 56 (40.6) <0.001
   An EBP-supportive organizational climate 1,122 (22.3) 107 (17.4) 808 (24.1) 81 (20.2) 28 (18.8) 71 (18.6) 27 (19.6) 0.001
   Support from superiors 779 (15.5) 76 (12.4) 584 (17.4) 44 (11.0) 18 (12.1) 40 (10.5) 17 (12.3) <0.001