Skip to main content

Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Table 3 Descriptive statistics for Theory of Planned Behavior, Social Cognitive Theory, Implementation Intention, Learning Theory, and Knowledge for each of the five behaviors

From: Explaining clinical behaviors using multiple theoretical models

Theory Predictive constructs Taking dental radiographs Performing dental restorations Placing fissure sealants Managing URTIs Managing low back pain Min Med Max
   N Alpha Mean SD N Alpha Mean SD N Alpha Mean SD N Alpha Mean SD N Alpha Mean SD of Mean
  Attitude direct 2 0.40 5.85 1.00 2 0.37 4.70 1.10 2 0.57 5.64 0.99 3 0.54 5.10 0.93 2 0.25 3.40 1.20 3.40 5.10 5.85
Theory of Planned Behavior Attitude indirect 12 0.75 4.30 0.76 6 0.65 3.31 0.81 7 0.76 4.28 0.95 7 0.56 4.97 0.73 4 0.75 5.34 0.99 3.31 4.30 5.34
  Subjective Norm 5 0.83 1.53 0.91 4 0.77 2.19 0.95 3 0.70 2.13 1.03 3 0.68 5.61 0.90 4 0.68 5.86 0.69 1.53 2.19 5.86
  Intention 3 0.73 4.77 1.27 3 0.79 4.90 1.13 3 0.79 4.90 1.24 3 0.68 5.83 0.83 3 0.69 5.90 1.00 4.77 4.90 5.90
PBC direct 4 0.76 2.48 1.00 4 0.71 3.58 1.08 5 0.61 4.53 0.96 4 0.70 4.25 1.13 4 0.63 4.50 1.10 2.48 4.25 4.53
PBC indirect/power 12 0.84 4.09 0.87 10 0.73 3.68 0.81 10 0.80 3.98 0.97 7 0.86 4.51 0.94 14 0.91 4.90 1.00 3.68 4.09 4.90
Social Risk perception 2 0.51 4.60 1.30 3 0.51 4.30 1.00 6 0.60 4.84 0.79 3 0.61 5.07 0.93 2 0.46 5.80 1.00 4.30 4.84 5.80
Cognitive Theory Outcome expectancies (behavior) 12 0.75 4.30 0.76 8 0.70 3.82 0.89 9 0.80 3.56 0.67 7 0.56 4.96 0.73 6 0.76 6.01 1.19 3.56 4.30 6.01
  Outcome expectancies (self) 2 0.75 3.74 1.64          2 0.80 2.58 1.07      2.58 3.16 3.74
  Self efficacy 12 0.83 3.77 0.77 10 0.69 4.13 0.63 10 0.82 4.55 0.89 6 0.88 2.02 1.85 14 0.93 4.80 0.80 2.02 4.13 4.80
Generalized self efficacy 10 0.87 3.00 0.37 10 0.83 2.99 0.37 10 0.87 3.05 0.38 10 0.85 2.86 0.36 10 0.87 2.80 0.40 2.80 2.99 3.05
Implementation Intention Action Planning 1 - 5.40 1.60 1   5.10 1.50 1 - 5.15 1.59 1   5.10 1.70 1 - 5.60 1.60 5.10 5.15 5.60
Learning Theory Anticipated consequences 2 0.51 4.65 1.30 3 0.51 4.30 1.00 3 0.42 4.84 0.89 3 0.61 5.07 0.93 2 0.46 5.80 1.00 4.30 4.84 5.80
  Evidence of habitual behavior 2 0.62 3.80 1.35 3 0.86 4.40 1.40 3 0.86 4.37 1.61 2 0.70 5.65 1.05 2 0.60 4.70 1.70 3.80 4.40 5.65
Other Knowledge 5 0.20 4.40 0.80 7 0.01 2.70 1.30 7 0.00 3.30 1.10 5 0.00 2.90 0.90 5 0.21 3.1 1.00