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Table 2 Description of the five study behaviors, definition and mean (SD) rates of performing the objective measures of these behaviors, mean (SD) simulated behavior scores and mean (SD) intention scores

From: Explaining clinical behaviors using multiple theoretical models

Study Behaviors Objective measures of behavior Mean (SD) rates of behavior Simulated behavior Mean (SD) scenario scores (out of 5) Intention Mean (SD) (out of 7)
General Dental
Taking Dental Radiographs: Taking small or medium intra-oral radiographs (not for orthodontic reasons) Number of intra oral radiographs taken per course of treatment Data obtained from a national fee claims database used for paying dental practitioners 20.3 (9.0) radiographs per 100 courses of treatment Would take 2.4 (1.2) radiographs 4.8 (1.3)
Performing Dental Restorations: The use of restorations in managing caries in permanent teeth in children (patients under 17 years of age) Number of restorations per 100 courses of treatment Data obtained from a national fee claims database used for paying dental practitioners. 10.4 (4.3) restorations per 100 courses of treatment Would restore in 2.9 (1.1) cases 4.9 (1.1)
Placing Fissure Sealants: Placing a fissure sealant in a 6 to 16 year old patient Unable to reliably measure behavior given the target age group   Would place fissure sealants for 2.03 (1.54) cases 4.9 (1.2)
General Medical
Managing URTIs Without Prescribing Antibiotics: Managing patients presenting with an upper respiratory tract infection (include sore throats, nasal discharge and coughs) in primary care without prescribing an antibiotic Mean number of prescriptions for an antibiotic issued per 100 patients registered with each primary care practice per year Data derived from a national database of issued prescriptions 57 (31) prescriptions per 100 patients registered per year Would prescribe for 1.6 (1.2) cases 5.8 (0.8)
Managing Low Back Pain Without Ordering Lumbar Spine X-rays: Managing patients presenting with uncomplicated low back pain in primary care without referring them for a lumbo-sacral spine x-ray Mean number of lumbar spine x-rays taken per 1000 patients registered with each primary care practice per year Data derived from the reporting systems of the hospitals where the x-rays were performed 5.0 (8.9) x-rays per 1000 patients registered per year Would refer for lumbar spine x-ray in 1.5 (1.2) cases 5.9 (1.0)