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Table 4 Content of strategies related to determinants of behaviour change

From: A systematic review of hand hygiene improvement strategies: a behavioural approach

Studies n = 41 Determinants of behaviour change [studies]
9 Studies addressing one determinant (3 controlled and 6 uncontrolled studies)
2 Action control[38]*;[39]
2 Awareness[40]*;[41]
5 Facilities[42];[43];[44];[45]*;[46]
5 Studies addressing two determinants (1 controlled and 4 uncontrolled studies)
2 Knowledge, Action control[47];[48]
1 Knowledge, Facilities[49]
1 Awareness, Action control[50]
1 Awareness, Social influence[37]*
8 Studies addressing three determinants (3 controlled and 5 uncontrolled studies)
2 Knowledge, Awareness, Action control[51];[52]
1 Knowledge, Awareness, Facilities[53]*
1 Knowledge, Awareness, Attitude[54]
1 Knowledge, Awareness, Self-efficacy[55]*
2 Knowledge, Action control, Facilities[56]*;[57]
1 Knowledge, Action control, Intention[58]
6 Studies addressing four determinants (2 controlled and 4 uncontrolled studies)
2 Knowledge, Awareness, Facilities, Action control[59];[60]
1 Knowledge, Awareness, Facilities, Social influence[35]*
1 Knowledge, Self-efficacy, Action control, Awareness[61]
1 Knowledge, Self-efficacy, Action control, Facilities[62]
1 Self-efficacy, Intention, Awareness, Social influence[63]*
9 Studies addressing five determinants (3 controlled and 6 uncontrolled studies)
2 Knowledge, Awareness, Action control, Social influence, Attitude[64];[65]
2 Knowledge, Awareness, Action control, Social influence, Facilities[1]*;[66]
2 Knowledge, Awareness, Action control, Facilities, Attitude[67]*;[68]
1 Knowledge, Awareness, Facilities, Attitude, Self-efficacy[69]*
1 Knowledge, Awareness, Facilities, Self-efficacy, Action control[32]*
1 Knowledge, Facilities, Self-efficacy, Action control, Attitude[34]
1 Studies addressing six determinants (1 uncontrolled study)
1 Knowledge, Awareness, Social influence, Attitude, Action control, Facilities[33]
3 Studies addressing seven determinants (1 controlled and 2 uncontrolled studies)
1 Knowledge, Awareness, Social influence, Self-efficacy, Intention, Action control, Attitude[70]*
1 Knowledge, Awareness, Social influence, Self-efficacy, Intention, Action control, Facilities[71]
1 Knowledge, Awareness, Social influence, Self-efficacy, Action control, Attitude, Facilities[36]
  1. * Controlled study.